Every year about one million children under five years of age die in Nigeria. Malnutrition contributes to nearly half of these deaths. The Community-based Management of Acute Malnutrition (CMAM) programme is recognised as a cost-effective way of treating large numbers of children with severe acute malnutrition (SAM) without needing to admit them to a health facility or therapeutic feeding centre. In April 2015, the Department of Community Medicine of Ahmadu Bello University Zaria, received the first tranche of monies for a new research project to study long-term outcomes following treatment in a CMAM programme in Katsina State. The grant was awarded by ORIE. The ABU team will examine the short- and long-term survival, health and growth outcomes of a sample of approximately 600 children treated in a CMAM programme in a randomly-selected LGA (Bakori) in the state of Katsina.