Community Engagement in Health Service Delivery

There is evidence to show that community participation and accountability in health service delivery and health care leads to improved health outcomes within that community. This review gives definitions of the key concepts and a history of community participation and accountability in section 2. The experience of pilot programmes suggests that community mobilisation can bring… Read more

Contracting Out Government Health Services

This helpdesk response concludes that there are a large number of consulting firms that could provide long term technical assistance to countries considering contracting out government health services. A list of organisations providing this form of technical assistance is provided in Section 3. Additionally, the main mandate of the Partnership of Democratic Governance, OECD was… Read more

Female Condoms

This report is divided into the following sections: Who Uses the Female Condom? Typical users seem to vary in different countries and according to different studies. This section looks at different countries and identifies users and the reasons behind this. Is FC use correlated to HIV prevalence? Study results differ on whether they may be… Read more

Impact of Teacher Training on Students’ Learning Outcomes

While there is extensive literature on teacher quality, teacher education and training, most of it focuses on emphasising the extent of the problem, their importance, how they might be developed or delivered. A few others mention programmes that have been conducted in various countries. There is very little literature that focuses specifically on the impacts… Read more

Education and Nutrition

This paper provides an overview of the evidence on educational outcomes from nutrition and nutritional outcomes from education.  It includes the following sections: effects of intra-uterine growth retardation; low birth-weight, effects of poor infant nutrition (low weight, stunting, breastfeeding), iron deficiency anaemia in school age children, parental education and school health and feeding Some key… Read more

The Impact of Girls’ Education on Early Marriage

There is a strong association between higher age at marriage and higher education levels. A global analysis of data by the International Center for Research on Women (ICRW) found that girls’ education is ‘the most important factor associated with child marriage’. Another study determined that in 29 countries, women who married at the age of 18 or… Read more

Improving the Quality of Education in Ethiopia

There are different ways of working with governments and partner organisations to improve the quality of education in developing countries, specifically Ethiopia.  This report highlights these differences by using two different donor organisations as examples.  AusAID advocates for working through government systems and their approach, including impact and cost effectiveness, is summarised in section 4. … Read more

Learning Outcomes in Afghanistan

Currently only an average of 26% of the population aged 15 or over can read or write. One of the first achievements of post-conflict Afghanistan was to bring almost 4 million children back to school. However, low primary enrolment especially for girls and in rural areas and very weak learning achievements remain. This report includes… Read more

Health Sector Staff Salaries

This report gives the background and context of the situation regarding financing of human resources in developing countries. It then goes on to present papers on the different options. • Donor Support Through Governments: Some experts have argued that this is the most effective, under some conditions. To do this, donors must provide some kind… Read more

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