Adult refugee learners with limited literacy: needs and effective responses

Adult refugees with limited education are a distinctive learner group with substantial and distinctive educational, social, and psychological needs. Working with these learners is a highly specialised activity, requiring high levels of educational skill and commitment. With a paucity of original research available about this group of learners, this study provides a systematic documentation of… Read more

Meta-evaluation of NRC’s accelerated education responses

For over 15 years, the Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC) has supported out of school children and youth to regain access to schooling by supporting Alternative Education (AE) programming. Such programming has been and continues to be implemented across a number of the countries and regions in which NRC is responding to humanitarian and early recovery… Read more

Tertiary refugee education impact and achievements: 15 years of DAFI

On the occasion of the 15th anniversary of the Albert Einstein Academic Refugee Initiative (DAFI) Programme, this study has been executed to evaluate the past progress of DAFI implementation and identify strengths and weaknesses in the overall strategy. Specifically, the study examines whether DAFI graduates have contributed to reconstruction of conflict regions upon repatriation, or to integration… Read more

Higher education for refugees: lessons from a 4-year pilot project

The purpose of this paper is to present findings from the evaluation of a pilot programme, Jesuit Commons: Higher Education at the Margins (JC:HEM), which initially provided higher education to refugees in Kakuma Camp, Kenya and Dzaleka Camp, Malawi; and to urban refugees in Amman, Jordan. The authors of this note review the progress made… Read more

Knowing and doing vocational education and training reform: Evidence, learning and the policy process

This paper is primarily concerned with raising a higher level question about the nature of knowledge and evidence used in planning, implementing and evaluating skills reforms. The paper notes the very high level of official optimism about the benefits of the governance reform process but the real lack of hard evidence across the region for… Read more

The impact and implementation of national qualifications frameworks: a comparison of 16 countries

This paper notes the very limited evidence that exists for national qualification frameworks (NQFs) having had successful impact, yet also acknowledges the continued faith in them as an answer to failing skills systems. The author notes that there has been relative success but that it has to do with good initial starting conditions. Thus, Scotland,… Read more

Can stronger skills markets contribute to sustainable and decent work for all?

This document includes three papers. The first ‘Sector Skills Councils: Can they enhance employer engagement in skills development systems?’ reviews the case of sector skills councils (SSCs).  The authors review the argument that a productive approach to linking skills supply and demand requires a focus on generating and sustaining a high skills equilibrium, a situation… Read more

Simon McGrath on skills and Technical Vocation Education and Training (TVET)

In this video, Simon McGrath from University of Nottingham, discusses the importance of skills and Technical Vocation Education and Training (TVET). Simon was the expert adviser for the DFID commissioned Skills Topic Guide, which focused on skills immediately necessary for employment and increased productivity. The guide explores the role of TVET skills, which are concerned… Read more


This topic guide is focused on skills immediately necessary for employment and increased productivity. It focuses on technical and vocational education and training (TVET) skills, which are concerned with the acquisition of knowledge and skills for the world of work. The importance and value of obtaining basic skills is recognised as a pre-requisite for higher order skills development. This document was written between July and December 2015 and includes evidence that was available at this time.

Reforming technical vocational education and training in the Middle East and North Africa: experiences and challenges

Having successfully expanded school coverage to unprecedented levels, countries in the Middle East and North Africa are turning their attention to improving the quality of learning opportunities for their citizens. This report is the result of a joint analysis of the main challenges for the reform of technical and vocational education and training (TVET) in the… Read more

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