Cognitive performance at school entry of children living in malaria-endemic areas of Sri Lanka

In a cross-sectional study, carried out in January 1997 at the beginning of the school year, the impact of repeated attacks of malarial infection on the cognitive performance of children at school entry in moderate malaria-endemic areas of Sri Lanka was investigated. The cognitive performance of 325 schoolchildren in grade 1 (mostly aged 5-6 years)… Read more




Effects of Hand Hygiene Campaigns on Incidence of Laboratory-confirmed Influenza and Absenteeism in Schoolchildren, Cairo, Egypt

To evaluate the effectiveness of an intensive hand hygiene campaign on reducing absenteeism caused by to influenza-like illness (ILI), diarrhea, conjunctivitis, and laboratory- confirmed influenza, we conducted a randomized control trial in 60 elementary schools in Cairo, Egypt. Children in the intervention schools were required to wash hands twice daily, and health messages were provided… Read more




Maternal and birth attendant hand washing and neonatal mortality in southern Nepal

BACKGROUND: More than 95% of neonatal deaths occur in developing countries, approximately 50% at home. Few data are available on the impact of hand-washing practices by birth attendants or caretakers on neonatal mortality. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationship between birth attendant and maternal hand-washing practices and neonatal mortality in rural Nepal. DESIGN: Observational prospective cohort… Read more




The potential of schoolchildren as health change agents in rural western Kenya

A prospective, quasi-experimental study was carried out in Bondo district in western Kenya to determine the potential of schoolchildren as health change agents in a rural community. A group of 40 schoolchildren were given health education using action-oriented and participatory approaches and their knowledge and practices as well as the influence on recipient groups consisting… Read more




The impact of a school-based safe water and hygiene programme on knowledge and practices of students and their parents: Nyanza Province, western Kenya, 2006

Safe drinking water and hygiene are essential to reducing Kenya’s diarrhoeal disease burden. A school-based safe water and hygiene intervention in Kenya was evaluated to assess its impact on students’ knowledge and parents’ adoption of safe water and hygiene practices. We surveyed 390 students from nine schools and their parents at baseline and conducted a… Read more




Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) in Schools: A companion to the Child Friendly Schools Manual

Over the past decade, the child-friendly schools (CFS) model has emerged as UNICEF’s signature means to advocate for and promote quality education for every girl and boy. Child-friendly schools enable all children to achieve their full potential. As a part of a Global Capacity Development Programme on CFS, UNICEF has developed the Child Friendly Schools… Read more




A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, clinical trial of the impact of malaria prevention on the educational attainment of school children

A double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of nine months duration was carried out to investigate the impact of malaria and its prevention on the educational attainment of school children in a malaria-endemic area in southern Sri Lanka where both Plasmodium falciparum and P. vivax infections are prevalent. A total of 587 children attending grades 1-5 in four… Read more




A cluster-randomized controlled trial evaluating the effect of a hand- washing-promotion programme in Chinese primary schools

Intensive handwashing promotion can reduce diarrheal and respiratory disease incidence. To determine whether less intensive, more scalable interventions can improve health, we evaluated a school-based handwashing program. We randomized 87 Chinese schools to usual practices: standard intervention (handwashing program) or expanded intervention (handwashing program, soap for school sinks, and peer hygiene monitors). We compared student… Read more




How Effective are Food for Education Programs? A Critical Assessment of the Evidence from Developing Countries

Our interpretation of the empirical evidence reviewed here leads to several recommendations on the design and use of FFE programs. Effects tend to be larger where schooling participation is low or where there are significant nutritional de- ficiencies. This fact argues for doing an assessment of school needs in target areas before starting an FFE… Read more




Human resources for eye health – bringing vision into focus

October 9 was World Sight Day, which is in principle an advocacy event, where eye health practitioners, organisations, researchers, partners and supporters raise public awareness of blindness & vision impairment as major international public health issues. So what do we know about blindness and visual impairment? It is estimated that about 285 million people are… Read more




Mapping human resources for eye health in 21 countries of sub-Saharan Africa: current progress towards VISION 2020

Background Development of human resources for eye health (HReH) is a major focus of the Global Action Plan 2014 to 2019 to reduce the prevalence of avoidable visual impairment by 25% by the year 2019. The eye health workforce is thought to be much smaller in sub-Saharan Africa than in other regions of the world… Read more




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