The development of a public optometry system in Mozambique: a Cost Benefit Analysis

Background The economic burden of uncorrected refractive error (URE) is thought to be high in Mozambique, largely as a consequence of the lack of resources and systems to tackle this largely avoidable problem. The Mozambique Eyecare Project (MEP) has established the first optometry training and human resource deployment initiative to address the burden of URE… Read more




Impact of educational inclusion on children with visual impairment in Malawi

In this edition of the Educator, experts from around the world reflect on the development of inclusion for children with visual impairment in several countries. The article from Malawi provides a snapshot of some of the implications of inclusion for children with visual impairment in South-Eastern Africa. It forms part ofa wider collaborative study investigating… Read more




Revealed preference for open defecation: Evidence from a new survey in rural north India

Despite economic growth, government latrine construction, and increasing recognition among policy-makers that it constitutes a health and human capital crisis, open defecation remains stubbornly widespread in rural India. Indeed, 67% of rural Indian households in the 2011 census reported defecating in the open. We present evidence from new survey data collected in villages in five… Read more




Working with community health volunteers to design and implement a mobile-based training tool for the assessment of child development

The critical role of community health volunteers (CHVs) in promoting good health practices in Sub-Saharan Africa is well known. Systematic reviews have shown that CHV performance and their integration with the primary healthcare system are improved when sufficient priority is given to on-going supervision and feedback. However, providing this on-going support is challenging.  First, supervisory… Read more




Prof. Sally Grantham-McGregor on early childhood development

In this video, Prof. Sally Grantham-McGregor discusses the importance of early childhood development. She argues that the main reasons for a child not reaching his or her full potential are partly nutritional, party health related and partly due to psychosocial stimulation or the quality of the home environment. She goes on to explain that how well… Read more




State of School Feeding Worldwide

This report seeks to begin a systematic process to better understand the strengths and challenges of school feeding programmes globally. It is a work in progress, and presents the current status of our understanding of school feeding. Information was drawn from a global survey conducted by World Food Programme (WFP) in early 2012 and a… Read more




Malaria control in schools in Mali: Results from a Cluster Randomized Control Trial in Sikasso Region, Mali

The goal of the national Malaria control programme in Mali is to reduce malaria related morbidity and mortality by 80% by 2015 from 2005 rates, by ensuring: universal coverage of Long Lasting Insecticide Treated Nets (LLINs) and prompt diagnosis and treatment of malaria; and by developing community-based interventions to bring prevention, diagnosis and treatment closer… Read more




Deworming drugs for soil-transmitted intestinal worms in children: effects on nutritional indicators, haemoglobin and school performance

This review summarises the effects of giving deworming drugs to children to treat soil transmitted intestinal worms (nematode geohelminths) on weight, haemoglobin, and cognition; and the evidence of impact on physical well being, school attendance, school performance, and mortality. It was found that the main soil-transmitted worms are roundworms, hookworms, and whipworms. Infections are common… Read more




School feeding for improving the physical and psychosocial health of disadvantaged students

The objective of this systematic review was to determine the effectiveness of school feeding programmes in improving physical and psychosocial health for disadvantaged school pupils. Early malnutrition and/or micronutrient deficiencies can negatively affect many aspects of child health and development. School feeding programmes are designed to provide food to hungry children and to improve their… Read more




School Feeding Programs and Development: Are We Framing the Question Correctly?

This paper analyses the recent evidence from in-depth studies on school feeding programmes. It finds that while school feeding programmes can influence the education of school children and, to a lesser degree, augment nutrition for families of beneficiaries, they are best viewed as transfer programmes that can provide a social safety net and help promote… Read more




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