Universal access: making health systems work for women

Universal coverage by health services is one of the core obligations that any legitimate government should fulfil vis-à-vis its citizens. However, universal coverage may not in itself ensure universal access to health care. Among the many challenges to ensuring universal coverage as well as access to health care are structural inequalities by caste, race, ethnicity… Read more

Project closure report: Partnership for Reviving Routine Immunisation in Northern Nigeria – Maternal Newborn and Child Health Initiative, PRRINN-MNCH

PRRINN-MNCH has made a significant contribution to improved maternal and child health in Northern Nigeria and has contributed to building stronger health systems and capacity in the four programme States. The programme adopted a comprehensive health systems approach for strengthening primary health care, given the State of health systems in Northern Nigeria at the beginning… Read more

Breastfeeding promotion for infants in neonatal units: a systematic review and economic analysis.

Objectives To evaluate the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of interventions that promote or inhibit breastfeeding or feeding with breastmilk for infants admitted to neonatal units, and to identify an agenda for future research. Data sources Electronic databases were searched (including MEDLINE and MEDLINE In-Process Citations, EMBASE, CINAHL, Maternity and Infant Care, PsycINFO, British Nursing Index and… Read more

From Neurons to Neighborhoods

Scientists have had a long-standing fascination with the complexities of the process of human development. Parents have always been captivated by the rapid growth and development that characterize the earliest years of their children’s lives. Professional service providers continue to search for new knowledge to inform their work. Consequently, one of the distinctive features of… Read more

Maternal Nutrition and Epigenetics in Early Life

There are increasing evidences that prenatal events influencing in utero milieu and fetal development are associated with risk of developing chronic adult conditions, such as obesity, diabetes, and cardiovascular diseases. Epigenetics is one of the potential molecular mechanisms explaining this phenomenon, often called “fetal metabolic programming.” Epigenetics is defined as heritable regulation of DNA transcription that is independent of the DNA… Read more

Maternal Nutrition and Fetal Development

Nutrition is the major intrauterine environmental factor that alters expression of the fetal genome and may have lifelong consequences. This phenomenon, termed “fetal programming,” has led to the recent theory of “fetal origins of adult disease.” Namely, alterations in fetal nutrition and endocrine status may result in developmental adaptations that permanently change the structure, physiology,… Read more

Early childhood development and the role of the father

I attended the launch of the HEART Early Childhood Development (ECD) topic guide this week. Experts who attended put emphasis on parenting and nurture. Nutrition programmes are currently the strongest element in ECD. As a way forward there was a suggestion that parenting advice could be built into existing nutrition programmes. The importance of early… Read more

Allowing Men to Care. Fatherhood and Child Security Project: A Program to Engage Men on HIV, Violence, and Caregiving in South Africa.

To improve men’s family relationships, the Sonke Gender Justice Network’s Fatherhood project addresses norms that condone gender-based violence which exacerbate the spread of HIV and leave the needs of Orphans and Vulnerable Children unmet. In particular, it works with men and communities to change traditional roles for men to include caring for the ill, parenting… Read more

Every Newborn: An Action Plan to end Preventable Deaths

The Every Newborn action plan is based on the latest epidemiology, evidence and global and country learning, and supports the United Nations Secretary-General’s Every Woman Every Child movement. The preparation was guided by the advice of experts and partners, led by WHO and UNICEF, and by the outcome of several multi-stakeholder consultations and a web-based… Read more

Effect of interpregnancy interval on birth outcomes: findings from three recent US studies

The relationship between interpregnancy interval and adverse birth outcomes (i.e., low birth weight, preterm birth, and small size for gestational age) was examined in three recent studies conducted in Utah and Michigan of the United States. These studies were conducted among different populations, used different study designs (i.e., cross-sectional and retrospective cohort designs), and addressed… Read more

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