Rebuilding health systems to improve health and promote statebuilding in post-conflict countries: a theoretical framework and research agenda

Violent conflicts claim lives, disrupt livelihoods, and halt delivery of essential services, such as health care and education. Health systems are often devastated in conflicts as health professionals flee, infrastructure is destroyed, and the supply of drugs and supplies is halted. We propose that early reconstruction of a functioning, equitable health system in countries recovering… Read more


A standardized health information system for refugee settings: rationale, challenges and the way forward

This paper discusses the rationale for establishing a refugee health information system (HIS) in countries that host camp-based refugee populations. It attempts to dispel a common misconception that refugee and national HIS are two competing and incompatible alternatives. Instead it describes how a refugee HIS can be used to support data management within host government systems…. Read more


Interpreting and using mortality data in humanitarian emergencies

Mortality data, properly collected, interpreted and used, have much to contribute to the appropriateness and effectiveness of humanitarian action in emergencies, and to advocacy on behalf of populations in crises. Most actors involved in relief will one day be confronted by such data, but the different ways in which this information can be collected, and… Read more


Public health in crisis-affected populations: a practical guide for decision-makers

Never before has it been clearer what interventions must be implemented to mitigate the adverse health consequences of wars and natural disasters, and what standards those interventions must strive to achieve; similarly, the range of interventions at our disposal has never been greater. Despite these advances, reviews of the global relief system suggest an ongoing… Read more


Health-care needs of people affected by conflict: future trends and changing frameworks

In past decades, much progress has been made in responding to health-care needs of conflict-affected populations. The evidence base for interventions addressing excess morbidity and mortality has expanded. Motivated by a disastrous response to the Rwanda genocide in 1994, the Sphere standards for service provision were developed, fostering quality and accountability on the basis of principles… Read more


Natural Disasters, Armed Conflict, and Public Health

The effects of armed conflict and natural disasters on global public health are widespread. Much progress has been made in the technical quality, normative coherence, and efficiency of the health care response. But action after the fact remains insufficient. In the years ahead, the international community must address the root causes of these crises. Natural… Read more


Operational Handbook for Country-based Pooled Funds

Country-based Pooled Funds (CBPFs) are multi-donor humanitarian financing instruments established by the Emergency Relief Coordinator (ERC) and managed by the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) at the country level under the leadership of the Humanitarian Coordinator (HC). While OCHA has managed humanitarian pooled funds at the country level since 1995, CBPFs… Read more


Health Cluster Guide – A practical guide for country-level implementation of the Health Cluster

This Guide suggests how the Health Cluster lead agency, coordinator and partners can work together during a humanitarian crisis to achieve the aims of reducing avoidable mortality, morbidity and disability, and restoring the delivery of and equitable access to preventive and curative health care as quickly as possible. It highlights key principles of humanitarian health… Read more


Improving the quality of maternal care using audit

This HEART talks video is a recording of a seminar held at DFID Whitehall on 28th October 2015 and is led by Professor van den Broek, head of the Centre for Maternal and Newborn Health (CMNH) at the Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine. She commences this presentation by stressing that the majority of the CMNH’s focus is on… Read more


Improving access to health for women and girls in low-income urban settlements

The world is becoming increasingly urbanised. Over one third of urban dwellers now reside in low-income urban settlements, where living conditions are often inadequate and there are multiple barriers to access to health services for women and girls. Based on six case studies and a thematic review examining women’s and girls’ access to health in low-income… Read more


Rebuilding after catastrophe? A missed opportunity for health and social change

The recent Ebola death in Sierra Leone takes the official death toll from the epidemic up to 11,316, though this is likely an underestimation. The news comes just days after, on the 14th January 2016, the Ebola crisis in West Africa was declared to be over.  Over the past 22 months Ebola has taken the… Read more


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