The Essential Package: Twelve interventions to improve the health and nutrition of school age children

Building on the FRESH (Focusing Resources on Effective School Health) frame work the essential package outlines 12 interventions from basic education to fuel efficient stoves that are necessary to improve the health and nutrition of school-age children. Basic education Food for Education Promotion of girls’ education Potable water and sanitary latrines Health, nutrition and hygiene… Read more


Deworming for health and development : report of the third global meeting of the partners for parasite control

The partners work towards delivering permanent relief from worm-induced disease for millions of poor people. The principal effort has been made against schistosomiasis and soil-transmitted helminthiasis but the PPC is ready to promote control of other worm-induced diseases according to national needs and priorities. Effective control measures have been developed and tested. The major challenge… Read more


Neurodevelopmental trajectory of HIV-infected children accessing care in Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo

OBJECTIVE:To assess the effect of HIV care (including highly active antiretroviral therapy if eligible) on neurodevelopment. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. METHODS: Motor and mental development of 35 HIV-infected children (aged 18-71 months) was assessed at entry into care and after 6 and 12 months using age-appropriate tools. Developmental trajectory was compared with 35 HIV-uninfected, affected,… Read more


Uses and Misuses of Bronfenbrenner’s Bioecological Theory of Human Development

This paper evaluates the application of Bronfenbrenner’s bioecological theory as it is represented in empirical work on families and their relationships. We describe the ‘‘mature’’ form of bioecological theory of the mid-1990s and beyond, with its focus on proximal processes at the center of the Process-Person-Context-Time model. We then examine 25 papers published since 2001,… Read more


Effects of Hand Hygiene Campaigns on Incidence of Laboratory-confirmed Influenza and Absenteeism in Schoolchildren, Cairo, Egypt

To evaluate the effectiveness of an intensive hand hygiene campaign on reducing absenteeism caused by to influenza-like illness (ILI), diarrhea, conjunctivitis, and laboratory- confirmed influenza, we conducted a randomized control trial in 60 elementary schools in Cairo, Egypt. Children in the intervention schools were required to wash hands twice daily, and health messages were provided… Read more


The Lifelong Effects of Early Childhood Adversity and Toxic Stress

Advances in fields of inquiry as diverse as neuroscience, molecular biology, genomics, developmental psychology, epidemiology, sociology, and economics are catalyzing an important paradigm shift in our understanding of health and disease across the lifespan. This converging, multidisciplinary science of human development has profound implications for our ability to enhance the life prospects of children and… Read more


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