Mapping the Donor Landscape in Global Health: Family Planning and Reproductive Health

The Kaiser Family Foundation mapped the geographic landscape of global health donor assistance for family planning (FP) and reproductive health (RH). Recipient countries typically received assistance for FP/RH from multiple different donors. Looking over the period 2009-2011, the report found: The average number of donors present in each recipient country was 8. Eleven recipient countries… Read more




From Effectiveness to Impact: contraception as an HIV prevention intervention

Most efforts to date to prevent mother-to child transmission of HIV have focused on provision of antiretroviral prophylaxis to HIV-infected pregnant women. Increasing voluntary contraceptive use has been an underused approach, despite clear evidence that preventing pregnancies in HIV-infected women who do not wish to become pregnant is an effective strategy for reducing HIV-positive births…. Read more




Hormonal Contraception and HIV Acquisition Risk: Implications for Individual Users and Public Policies

The purpose of this paper was to assess the implications of potentially elevated risk of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) acquisition with the use of hormonal contraceptives for individual users and public policies. Two indicators expressing costs (additional unwanted births and additional maternal deaths) in terms of the same unit of benefit (per 100 HIV infections… Read more




Use of Hormonal Contraceptives and Risk of HIV-1 Transmission: a Prospective Cohort Study

The study aimed to assess the association between hormonal contraceptive use and risk of HIV-1 acquisition by women and HIV-1 transmission from HIV-1-infected women to their male partners. 3790 heterosexual HIV-1-serodiscordant couples participating in two longitudinal studies of HIV-1 incidence in seven African countries were followed up. Among injectable and oral hormonal contraceptive users and… Read more




FDA approves Plan B One-Step emergency contraceptive without a prescription for women 15 years of age and older

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration announced that it has approved an amended application submitted by Teva Women’s Health, Inc. to market Plan B One-Step (active ingredient levonorgestrel) for use without a prescription by women 15 years of age and older.  After the FDA did not approve Teva’s application to make Plan B One-Step available… Read more




Expanding Access to Emergency Contraception in Developing Countries

Emergency contraception has been called the best-kept contraceptive secret. Previous research shows that several regimens of postcoital contraception offer safe and effective ways for women to avoid pregnancy. Yet the methods are typically unavailable to women in developing countries. In this article, the authors review the main methods of emergency contraception and describe experience with… Read more




Health Research Unit, Ministry of Health and ORC Macro

The 2008 Ghana Demographic and Health Survey (GDHS) was designed to provide data for monitoring the population and health situation in Ghana. The 2008 GDHS is the fifth Demographic and Health Survey conducted in Ghana. The objective of the survey was to provide up-to-date information on fertility, family planning, childhood mortality, nutrition, maternal and child… Read more




Fertility, female labor force participation, and the demographic dividend

The study estimates the effect of fertility on female labor force participation in a cross-country panel data set using abortion legislation as an instrument for fertility. The study found a large negative effect of the fertility rate on female labor force participation. The direct effect was concentrated among those aged 20-39; cohort participation was persistent… Read more




A fifth freedom?

This article highlights: the world population problem policy of aid by advanced countries problems in industrialised societies problem for the individual family planning clinics post-partum tubal ligation and therapeutic abortion During the three years 1961-3 the following operations to terminate pregnancy were performed on women (married and single) resident in the City of Aberdeen (UK):… Read more




The challenge of providing reproductive health services in rural areas

Access to reproductive health services remains a big challenge in rural remote areas in Tanzania, due to limited health personnel, the public’s poor health seeking behaviour, distance between the villages and facilities as well as medicine stock-outs in public facilities. Due to these reasons, people resort to visiting informal providers based in their communities such… Read more




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