Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting: The Secret World of Women as Seen by Men

Efforts aimed at the abandonment of  Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting (FGM/C) in the communities where it is deeply rooted have extensively considered and addressed women’s perceptions on the issue, leaving those of men barely acknowledged. Although the practice is generally confined to the secret world of women, it does not mean that men cannot be influential…. Read more


Will Africa Benefit from a Demographic Dividend?

Synthesis Report: Will declines in fertility boost economic growth for sub-Saharan Africa? In a region where demographic change is still at an early stage, can sub-Saharan Africa look forward to the promise of economic growth and its benefits, in the same way that East Asia has experienced? Can family planning programmes help to accelerate this… Read more


Family Planning and the Public Sector

There appears to be a trend of increasing uptake of family planning programmes and increasing equity of uptake.  It is difficult to establish cause and effect with the impact of public sector family planning programmes.  However, sections 2 and 3 look at the evidence on this issue.  This includes general overview papers as well as… Read more


Taking Action against HIV and AIDS in the UK Overseas Territories, End of Project Evaluation for the South Atlantic Overseas Territories

Evaluation findings include: Programme implementation was slower than anticipated. At Goal level Sexually Transmitted Infection (STI) and HIV incidence rates remain low and have been sustained during the project. However, incidence was very low on commencement so it is difficult to attribute this to interventions. Higher level on-island inputs should have been provided in the… Read more


Female Condoms

This report is divided into the following sections: Who Uses the Female Condom? Typical users seem to vary in different countries and according to different studies. This section looks at different countries and identifies users and the reasons behind this. Is FC use correlated to HIV prevalence? Study results differ on whether they may be… Read more


Adolescent Reproductive Health in Ethiopia

Ethiopia is unusual within the region in having very low levels of sex before marriage.  According to the 2005 DHS well over 90% of single women are virgins.  Ensuring the health of adolescent girls is vital to the nation. Ethiopia has made progress in improving youth’s health; yet, young women still suffer high rates of… Read more


Harmonizing support to Reproductive Health in Kenya

In the context of Kenya’s challenges in the area of Reproductive Health (RH) and the persistent high maternal mortality in particular, a group of five Development partners (DPs) in RH has commissioned this report together with the Ministry of Public Health and Sanitation, and the Ministry of Medical Services. Regarding the modalitiesof future harmonized DP… Read more


Family Planning Costing in Nepal

It was not possible to identify a clear data set of rates for family planning interventions within the scope of this study. Relevant literature did not give very recent figures. Two benchmark rates were reported for family planning costs in Nepal: Thapa and Tsui (1990) estimated annual family planning costs of US$38.54 million per year… Read more


Contraceptive Prevalence Rate Increases

Based on UN MDG data for married women, countries that achieved a 3% or 5% increase in a year or a similar average over more years include The Gambia, Malawi, Rwanda, Uganda and Zambia.  Statistics from other sources include increases shown in Ethiopia, Mozambique and Afghanistan. The report includes a table with current contraceptive use… Read more


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