Effective behaviour change interventions

This helpdesk provides a rapid analysis on the existing evidence related to effective behaviour change interventions. It has a particular focus on where interventions are related to hygiene and sanitation, nutrition, gender based violence, indoor air pollution, family planning adoption, unsafe sex, motor vehicle driving. The geographic focus is Malawi, but where necessary it draws… Read more

School feeding

This report identifies research on the outcomes of school feeding programmes which are mixed but largely positive. Some programme costs and design considerations are presented which provide lessons for sustainability and affordability. Some cost-benefit analyses are also included and trade-offs discussed. Key points for consideration in programme design include: Geographical targeting. Biscuits are a significantly… Read more

Seasonality in South Sudan

Acute malnutrition tends to be highest during the lean season April/May – August. The lean season occurs at the same time as the rainy season, when the incidence of malaria and diarrhoea increases. This creates a double burden of vulnerability. The rainy season also brings logistical constraints to the implementation of nutrition activities, hampering communication… Read more

Evidence on ECD approaches in Malawi

This rapid review looks at the evidence on Early Childhood Development (ECD) models (including integrated approaches) in Malawi and in the Sub-Saharan African region, looking at the impact on child development and learning. Most of the evidence from Malawi focuses on Community Based Childcare Centres (CBCC) which are the main centre based model for ECD… Read more

Rapid analysis of previous famines

This helpdesk reports that defining famine has proved historically challenging. The Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC) provides a common currency for classifying both the magnitude and severity of food insecurity through a set of standardised tools. Despite the standard definition that the IPC provides, there have been several incidents where mass nutrition related mortality… Read more

Health and nutrition drivers in urban areas

On average, urban health levels are better than those in rural areas. However, averages can be misleading: once the data are disaggregated, it is clear that the urban poor face health risks often as high as and sometimes worse than those of rural residents, despite the proximity of modern health services (UNFPA, 2012). This report… Read more

Nutrition programming in urban settings

More than half of the world’s 7 billion people now live in urban areas. As the world’s population is becoming increasingly urbanised, new challenges are arising. The rural-urban gap in nutrition has narrowed in recent decades – essentially because the situation has worsened in urban areas. Ensuring adequate nutrition and food security for people living… Read more

Nutrition interventions in developing and fragile contexts with a focus on community interventions and Yemen

This was an extensive query to tackle in 3 days. The result is an annotated bibliography covering a selection of key papers identified through a rapid search on the different nutrition interventions. Section 2 includes a number of resources on community-based management with evaluations finding it to be cost effective. Sections 3-5 are on breastfeeding,… Read more

Health and Nutrition for Displaced Populations

Findings on health and nutrition management of protracted population displacement include: A synthesis of food assistance programme evaluations finds unacceptably high numbers of refugees were food-insecure, women more so than men. A review of nutrition indicators evaluating performance of nutrition programmes in more than 90 camps in 18 countries found supplementary and therapeutic feeding programmes… Read more

Nutrition for Growth event

On Saturday 8 June 2013, the Department for International Development (DFID) held a Nutrition for Growth event. It brought together  governments, civil society, business and science together to reverse the neglect of nutrition. Launched by the Prime Minister, and co-hosted with Brazil and the Children’s Investment Fund Foundation, this event marked a game changing moment… Read more

An Update of The Neglected Crisis of Undernutrition: Evidence for Action

Briefing Paper Summary: DFID’s new nutrition paper An update of The neglected Crisis of Undernutrition: Evidence for Action (2012) reviews new research on the causes, consequences and potential actions to reduce maternal and child undernutrition undertaken since its original publication in 2009. The paper will help the UK develop more effective nutrition programmes to reach… Read more

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