Child undernutrition, tropical enteropathy, toilets, and handwashing

This report suggests that a key cause of child undernutrition is a subclinical disorder of the small intestine known as tropical enteropathy, caused by faecal bacteria ingested in large quantities by young children living in conditions of poor sanitation and hygiene. The author proposed that the primary causal pathway from poor sanitation and hygiene to… Read more

Long term mortality after community and facility based treacata from Bangladesh, Kenya, Malawi and Niger

This paper brings together data from 4 countries, Bangladesh, Kenya, Malawi and Niger and reviews the data from four cohorts reporting on long term survival of children discharged from therapeutic feeding programmes. It demonstrates the improved long and short term survival of kids treated through the CMAM approach. The mortality rate ratio (MRR) calculated by… Read more

Preventive zinc supplementation in developing countries: impact on mortality and morbidity due to diarrhea, pneumonia and malaria

Background Zinc deficiency is commonly prevalent in children in developing countries and plays a role in decreased immunity and increased risk of infection. Preventive zinc supplementation in healthy children can reduce mortality due to common causes like diarrhea, pneumonia and malaria. The main objective was to determine all-cause mortality and cause-specific mortality and morbidity in… Read more

Vitamin A supplementation for preventing morbidity and mortality in children from 6 months to 5 years of age

BACKGROUND: Vitamin A deficiency (VAD) is a major public health problem in low and middle income countries affecting 190 million children under 5. VAD can lead to many adverse health consequences, including death. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect of vitamin A supplementation (VAS) for preventing morbidity and mortality in children aged 6 months to 5… Read more

Community-based management of Severe Acute Malnutrition (SAM)

Severe acute malnutrition remains a major killer of children under five years of age. Until recently, treatment has been restricted to facility-based approaches, greatly limiting its coverage and impact. New evidence suggests, however, that large numbers of children with severe acute malnutrition can be treated in their communities without being admitted to a health facility… Read more

Nutrition for Growth event

On Saturday 8 June 2013, the Department for International Development (DFID) held a Nutrition for Growth event. It brought together  governments, civil society, business and science together to reverse the neglect of nutrition. Launched by the Prime Minister, and co-hosted with Brazil and the Children’s Investment Fund Foundation, this event marked a game changing moment… Read more

The politics of reducing malnutrition: building commitment and accelerating progress

In the past 5 years, political discourse about the challenge of undernutrition has increased substantially at national and international levels and has led to stated commitments from many national governments, international organisations, and donors. The Scaling Up Nutrition movement has both driven, and been driven by, this developing momentum. Harmonisation has increased among stakeholders, with… Read more

Nutrition-sensitive interventions and programmes: how can they help to accelerate progress in improving maternal and child nutrition?

Acceleration of progress in nutrition will require effective, large-scale nutrition-sensitive programmes that address key underlying determinants of nutrition and enhance the coverage and effectiveness of nutrition-specific interventions. The authors reviewed evidence of nutritional effects of programmes in four sectors—agriculture, social safety nets, early child development, and schooling. The need for investments to boost agricultural production,… Read more

Evidence-based interventions for improvement of maternal and child nutrition: what can be done and at what cost?

Maternal undernutrition contributes to 800 000 neonatal deaths annually through small for gestational age births; stunting, wasting, and micronutrient deficiencies are estimated to underlie nearly 3·1 million child deaths annually. Progress has been made with many interventions implemented at scale and the evidence for effectiveness of nutrition interventions and delivery strategies has grown since The Lancet… Read more

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