Maternal nutrition and birth outcomes: effect of balanced protein-energy supplementation

This review summarises the evidence for the impact of maternal protein-energy supplementation on birth outcomes such as birth weight, size for gestational age and risk for stillbirth. The data shows a positive mean increase of 73g on birth weight, with the effect more pronounced in women who were undernourished. It also shows a 32 per… Read more

Multiple-micronutrient supplementation for women during pregnancy

This review looks at the evidence for multiple micronutrient supplementation of pregnant women and the effect on birth outcomes. Micronutrient deficiencies are known to interact and a greater effect may be achieved by multiple supplementation rather than single nutrient supplementation, although interactions may also lead to poor absorption of some of the nutrients. Overall, the… Read more

Scaling Up Nutrition – A Framework for Action

Scaling Up Nutrition (SUN), is a movement founded on the principle that all people have a right to food and good nutrition. It involves the commitment of governments, civil society, the United Nations, donors, businesses and researchers to improve nutrition in a collective effort. This framework document was created in 2010 in response to poor… Read more

What works? Interventions for maternal and child undernutrition and survival

In this paper, the authors summarise the evidence about interventions with proven effectiveness in addressing undernutrition. These actions span interventions directed at mothers, babies, and young children, and include direct nutrition interventions (eg, provision of micronutrients) as well as indirect interventions such as behaviour change interventions directed at feeding practices and accompanied by supportive measures… Read more

Maternal and child undernutrition: consequences for adult health and human capital

This paper addresses the potential long-term implications of undernutrition through a review of the associations between maternal and child undernutrition with human capital and risk of adult diseases in low and middle-income countries. Data from Brazil, Guatemala, India, the Philippines, and South Africa was analysed and it was found that indices of maternal and child… Read more

Trends in mild, moderate, and severe stunting and underweight, and progress towards MDG 1 in 141 developing countries: a systematic analysis of population representative data

This paper looks at child anthropometric data on a country by country basis and aimed to estimate trends in the distributions of children’s anthropometric status and assess progress towards MDG 1. The data was collated from population-representative data on height and weight-for-age Z score, from health and nutrition surveys, summary statistics from the WHO Global… Read more

UNICEF – WHO – The World Bank Joint Child Malnutrition Estimates

The United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), World Health Organisation (WHO) and the World Bank jointly compiled this report from global and national data on child nutrition. The joint analysis dataset includes 639 nationally representative surveys from 142 countries/territories. The report covers levels and trends of malnutrition globally, including stunting, wasting, under and overweight. The report… Read more

Programming for Nutrition Outcomes

Chronic undernutrition affects nearly 200 million children in low and middle income countries, with vitamin and mineral deficiencies affecting many more, and there is strong evidence that undernutrition is associated with up to 35% of all child deaths globally. This free, online training module has been designed to explore the complicated problem of undernutrition, highlight… Read more

High-energy biscuits and health workers – declaring war on malnutrition

In January 2013 Dr Paul Amuna from the University of Greenwich, delivered a fantastic Sussex Development Lecture on scaling up nutrition and building capacity in the health workforce. He argued that before even considering up-skilling the health workers, a broad understanding of the context and culture of the country and region in question is required…. Read more

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