Stories of change in nutrition: a tool pool

In recent years, the discourse around nutrition has, at a global level, gained major political momentum. Yet although there is substantial evidence on what is needed to improve nutrition outcomes, less is known about how to achieve it: how to operationalise actions effectively across sectors, at the appropriate scale, in line with local contexts, and… Read more




Understanding the rapid reduction of undernutrition in Nepal, 2001–2011

South Asia has long been synonymous with unusually high rates of undernutrition. In the past decade, however, Nepal has arguably achieved the fastest recorded decline in child stunting in the world and has done so in the midst of civil war and post-conflict political instability. Given recent interest in reducing undernutrition – particularly the role… Read more




Public-private partnerships and the reduction of undernutrition in developing countries

This paper brings structure to the discussion of private-sector engagement in nutrition by clarifying different models of engagement, reviews the evidence base on public-private partnerships (PPPs) for the reduction of undernutrition, and outlines some potential ways forward. The paper finds that there are few independent, rigorous assessments of the impact of commercial-sector engagement in nutrition…. Read more




Addressing undernutrition in the context of urbanisation in low- and middle-income countries

Urbanisation presents a set of challenges and opportunities for tackling undernutrition in low- and middle-income countries where DFID works. This evidence review considers the scale of urbanisation in these countries, appraises what works in urban settings and how this context differs from the rural context with regard to nutrition programming, and identifies the main evidence… Read more




Impact evaluation of the DFID Programme to Accelerate Improved Nutrition for the Extreme Poor in Bangladesh, phase II: project background and design overview

This report provides the project background and design overview for an in-depth, mixed methods impact evaluation of the DFID Programme to Accelerate Improved Nutrition for the Extreme Poor in Bangladesh (phase II: May 2013 – mid-2016). The aim of the programme is to improve nutritional outcomes for children, mothers and adolescent girls. The programme is… Read more




Exclusive breastfeeding and early initiation: target groups and influential messages

This briefing outlines the findings from operations research on exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) and early initiation. The study supports refinement of the infant and young child feeding (IYCF) strategy implemented by the Working to Improve Nutrition in Northern Nigeria (WINNN) programme. Summary of key recommendations: Strengthen messages on the water content in breastmilk. Integrate the showcasing of healthy… Read more




Promoting women’s attendance at ANC: target groups and motivating messages

This report outlines the main findings of ORIE operations research on promoting women’s use of antenatal care (ANC) services. The study supports refinement of the advocacy strategy for this, implemented by the Working to Improve Nutrition in Northern Nigeria (WINNN) programme. Summary of the key recommendations: Develop a targeted advocacy strategy for adolescent girls. Develop advocacy messages… Read more




“If we eat well, we can study”: dietary diversity in the everyday lives of children in Andhra Pradesh and Telangana, India

This paper investigates young people’s and their caregivers’ experiences of food insecurity, diet and eating practices in Andhra Pradesh and Telangana in India. It also provides original child-focused evidence on perceptions of government food programmes such as the Midday Meal Scheme and the Targeted Public Distribution System. The paper analyses three rounds of longitudinal qualitative… Read more




School meals as a safety net: an evaluation of the midday meal scheme in India

Despite the popularity of school meals, there is little evidence on their effect on health outcomes. This study uses newly available longitudinal data from the state of Andhra Pradesh in India to estimate the impact of the introduction of a national midday meal programme on anthropometric z-scores of primary school students, and investigates whether the… Read more




The impact of the midday meal scheme on nutrition and learning

Food insecurity and poor nutrition remain a problem in many developing countries and can have profound effects on children’s health and their development. The Midday Meal Scheme in India is a programme covering primary school children to improve nutrition as well as increase educational enrolment, retention and attendance. This policy brief examines the effect of… Read more




India Health Report: Nutrition 2015

The India Health Report: Nutrition 2015 surveys the trends in maternal and child undernutrition in India. It looks at trends and disparities in these outcomes across geographical regions, socio-economic classes, and demographic groups. Tackling undernutrition and enabling improvements in the determinants of poor nutrition requires actions from multiple actors and sectors, and at multiple levels. In… Read more




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