How does education affect migration from fragile and conflict-affected areas?

This report found that almost all of the information on education and migration from fragile and conflict-affected states (FCAS) deals with integrating refugees into schools, providing schools in refugee camps, and/or using education to promote peace and tolerance. This body of literature often includes the educational level and status of migrants, but does not examine… Read more




The teacher labour market in Pakistan

This study questions the feasibility of imposing a broad-based minimum wage legislation for teachers. It focuses on those working in the low-fee sector within the Pakistani context. The scale of the private school sector is unknown. Low-fee schools are likely to be unregistered and unrecognised. They will not exist on government books. The plan for implementing legislation… Read more




Approaches to promoting educational inclusion, participation and learning achievement among Roma children

This report summarises available evidence on approaches to promoting inclusion, participation and achievement in education for Roma children. The purpose of this report was to inform programme development for Roma education in Eastern Europe and the Middle East, and to support policy dialogue with governments, sub-national authorities and others. However, examples and evidence from the… Read more




Rights-based approaches to increasing access to Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights

This helpdesk report provides an overview of some of the most relevant evidence on rights-based approaches to increasing access to SRHR including how they have been measured and enhanced access where information is available. Section 2 of this report explores the impact of policy changes on accessing rights, and the impact that champions of SRHR within… Read more




Increasing access to sexual and reproductive health and rights via new innovations and technologies in Africa

New innovations and technology, including mobiles and internet, have enormous potential for increasing access to sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR). They can be particularly helpful in reaching hard to access groups, including remote or stigmatised populations, due to the rapid spread of telecommunications infrastructure, mobile phones and broadband usage in low and middle… Read more




Independent curriculum and assessment bodies

Limited evidence was identified which directly addresses the benefits and disadvantages of having an independent curriculum and assessment body at national level. Suggestive evidence from Latin America indicated that external assessment institutes have some advantages due to their higher level of autonomy including improved staff capacity; ability to sustain long-term plans and reduced impact of… Read more




The role of education in contributing to safety and well-being in conflict settings

The purpose of this report was to provide a summary of existing research on the non-academic benefits of education in a conflict setting. The review seeks to identify particular educational interventions and contextual factors that may influence outcomes in the associated area. In general terms, the range of interventions under each section are categorised as either… Read more




Health budgets for primary health facilities

This helpdesk response aimed to discover what the recommended proportion of an annual national health budget in sub-Saharan Africa is for the maintenance of primary health facilities. From both a rapid review of the evidence available and from correspondence with experts in public health financing, it is clear that no such recommendation exists. In light… Read more




Measuring the quality and performance of healthcare providers in conflict settings

The purpose of the review was to provide a summary of possible indicators which might be used to measure the performance and quality of healthcare in conflict-affected settings. There is considerable guidance on measuring access, availability and quantity of health provision in these settings, but much less on whether this care is sufficient or effective…. Read more




Targeted interventions for sex workers to reduce HIV

This review has found a number of peer reviewed studies and grey literature on interventions targeted at sex workers for HIV prevention. Several were systematic reviews, some comprehensive reviews and policy papers. A number of individual studies focused on cost effectiveness are presented. Two interventions in India are considered particularly effective and scalable interventions. A… Read more




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