What progress has there been in Rwandan primary school education since the launch of VISION 2020 a decade ago? According to the Ministry of Education, enrolment is nearly universal; completion rates have risen from 53% to an average of 75%; class sizes, while still large, are shrinking along with the student-teacher ratio (from 74:1 to 65:1). In terms of ICT integration into education, there has been steady progress with more work ahead. In 2001, only one of the country’s 2,300 primary schools had even a single computer. As of 2005, 1,138 schools had at least one PC; 40 schools in Kigali had Internet access and connectivity was being rolled out to schools in other regions. About 1,000 teachers had been trained in computer literacy and deployed in 120 primary schools. With the overarching objective of disseminating ICT throughout all educational institutions in order to equip learners with 21st century skills, the government is focusing on expanding its ICT infrastructure to provide widespread access to power, connectivity and equipment; developing capacity by training teachers how to integrate ICT into teaching practices; developing and distributing digital content that is adapted to the Rwandan context; and strengthening partnerships to encourage participation of local institutions and civil society in ICT in education.