Breakneck Expansion and Quality Assurance in Ethiopian Higher Education: Ideological Rationales and Economic Impediments

The rapid quantitative growth of higher education in Ethiopia has triggered considerable concern for quality. This paper analyses why expanding the higher education subsector took precedence over quality against the backdrop of the current Ethiopian political discourse. The article argues that the growing public demand due to globalization and the changed local realities, the ideology… Read more

How effective are different approaches to higher education provision in increasing access, quality and completion for students in developing countries? Does this differ by gender of students?

This review focuses on how to effectively increase access to and quality in higher education in developing countries. 175 research papers on the impact of higher education policies and methods of provision on access, quality and gender issues in developing countries, available in English language, were systematically reviewed. The majority of the studies fell into… Read more

Low fee private schooling in India – More questions than answers? Observations from the Young Lives longitudinal research in Andhra Pradesh

This paper seeks to draw attention to two important, but less researched, areas regarding low fee private school provision in India. Firstly, the paper evaluates the impact of fees on household debt burden and decision-making, and secondly highlights the dynamic interplay between the private and government sub-sectors and the potential consequences this may have for… Read more

Improving Education Quality, Equity and Access: A Report on Findings from the Young Lives School Survey (Round 1) in Ethiopia

This paper presents key findings from Young Lives school survey in Ethiopia conducted in 2009–10, contextualised by cross-sectional evidence from the Ethiopian Demographic and Health Survey. The findings suggest that educational exclusion operates through complex mechanisms which conspire to limit the access opportunities of disadvantaged children during the course of the education life-cycle. Exclusion is… Read more

Mexico’s Model Conditional Cash Transfer (CCT) Program for Fighting Poverty

This feature story highlights Mexico’s exemplary poverty fighting program, Oportunidades, which used results-based financing methods for a decade to help 25% of the population improve their health, nutrition and educational status. Research documenting the program’s results shows how using CCTs raised incomes and changed behavior.

Public Private Partnerships in Education

Primary school enrolments inPakistan have improved significantly in the last few years and private schooling in particular has become very popular. There is a demand for private sector education as parents consider it as ‘better’ and not necessarily due to the lack of public schools. Public-private partnerships (PPPs) in education have stepped in to improve… Read more

Barriers to Enrolment in Kenya

This report addresses the reasons why children are out of school in Kenya.  It includes sections on: Proportions of children affected by different barriers to education ILO report on access to education in Kenya Surveys Related information Resources on barriers to education Some proportional statistics on barriers to enrolment were found from differing sources. UNICEF… Read more

Pro-Poor Health Delivery

Information on pro-poor health policies does not fit neatly into mutually exclusive categories and many of the themes overlap. For example, universal coverage interventions such as abolishing user fees were often discussed as pro-poor targeting. Universal targeting can appear to be targeting the poor but it may be that the less poor are paying for… Read more

Scaling-up ITN access and use in sub-Saharan Africa:Estimated LLIN requirements and coverage outcomes based on the global delivery strategy mix

HRC REPORT: This report presents the relative cost-effectiveness of scaling-up delivery of Long Lasting Insecticidal Nets (LLIN). It concludes that there is currently unrealistic optimism on the levels of access to LLINs and their use that can be achieved within the next few years, and on the numbers of LLINs needed to reach these targets…. Read more

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