Preventing early pregnancy and poor reproductive outcomes among adolescents in developing countries

The WHO guidelines, Preventing early pregnancy and poor reproductive outcomes among adolescents in developing countries, provide both a call to action and directions for future research on: preventing early pregnancy: by preventing marriage before 18 years of age; by increasing knowledge and understanding of the importance of pregnancy prevention; by increasing the use of contraception;… Read more

Cost-effectiveness of interventions for improving adolescent sexual and reproductive health

Research on the cost-effectiveness of interventions to improve SRH for adolescents is limited. This rapid review includes research on some interventions which focus specifically on girls and some research on programmes for both boys and girls. Three studies were identified that specifically analysed cost-effectiveness of SRH interventions for adolescents in low- and middle-income countries (see… Read more

Adolescent sexual and reproductive health

This helpdesk identified a number of reviews on adolescent SRH. Key findings include: Facilitating school attendance reduces childbearing and schools are an effective platform for reproductive health education. To improve access and use one review recommends: enacting and implementing laws and policies requiring education and reproductive health services, building community support for contraception provision; providing… Read more

Adolescents in emergencies

It is increasingly recognised that in emergency programming efforts adolescents need to be viewed as a distinct group with distinct vulnerabilities and also great potential for contributing to the emergency response. Adolescents tend either to be ignored as a target group during times of emergencies or to be conceptualised as passive victims or active security threats…. Read more

Annual review of the DFID Ghana Adolescent Reproductive Health (ARH) programme

This is the 2014 annual review of DFID’s £17M Ghana Adolescent Reproductive Health (ARH) programme (2013 – 2017). It is the second annual review of the programme and covers the period from January to December 2014. The ARH programme is working to improve reproductive health knowledge and behaviour for up to 350,000 adolescents and strengthen… Read more

Breastfeeding and School Achievement in Brazilian Adolescents

Aim: To assess the effect of breastfeeding duration on school achievement in a Brazilian cohort. Methods: In a population-based birth cohort, we analysed the highest grade achieved in school of over 2000 male 18-y-olds relative to breastfeeding information collected in early life. Analyses were adjusted for birthweight, family income, maternal and paternal schooling, household assets, number… Read more