Expansion without equity: An analysis of current policy on access to higher education in Brazil

Access to higher education in Brazil is to a large extent restricted to the higher socio-economic groups. Public universities have limited places and entry is determined by highly competitive exams, thereby excluding those who have not had a high quality secondary education or attended an expensive preparatory course. There has been considerable growth in the… Read more




Breastfeeding and School Achievement in Brazilian Adolescents

Aim: To assess the effect of breastfeeding duration on school achievement in a Brazilian cohort. Methods: In a population-based birth cohort, we analysed the highest grade achieved in school of over 2000 male 18-y-olds relative to breastfeeding information collected in early life. Analyses were adjusted for birthweight, family income, maternal and paternal schooling, household assets, number… Read more




Local Block Grants in Health

It was difficult to find examples that met the criteria of sub-national flexible block grants in health. Sections 2 and 3 cover the main two that were identified.  These are the Tanzania Essential Health Interventions Project (TEHIP) and Generasi, Indonesia. TEHIP aims to bring health spending more in line with cost-effective approaches to the local… Read more




Accreditation and Awards for Health Facility Standards

This report includes articles on accreditation for health facilities.  It is divided into the following sections: Case studies in family planning Current family planning accreditation in Uganda and IPPF General information on accreditation Case studies for other healthcare facilities Rewards There is also some information on accreditation: International structures and national structures and activities for… Read more




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