Children and the 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami: evaluation of UNICEF’s response in Indonesia, Sri Lanka and Maldives (2005-2008) – overall synthesis report

This report is a summary of an extensive evaluation undertaken by the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) of its response to the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami. It focuses on Indonesia, Sri Lanka and Maldives — countries that had the most serious damage and received 84 per cent of UNICEF tsunami country-level funds. The evaluation mainly… Read more


Examining early child development in low-income countries: a toolkit for the assessment of children in the first five years of life

The primary purpose of this toolkit is to provide a resource for researchers from various disciplines interested in planning and evaluating programmes or interventions aimed at improving the health and development of infants and young children. The toolkit aims to provide an overview of issues affecting early development and its measurement; discuss the types of… Read more


“If we eat well, we can study”: dietary diversity in the everyday lives of children in Andhra Pradesh and Telangana, India

This paper investigates young people’s and their caregivers’ experiences of food insecurity, diet and eating practices in Andhra Pradesh and Telangana in India. It also provides original child-focused evidence on perceptions of government food programmes such as the Midday Meal Scheme and the Targeted Public Distribution System. The paper analyses three rounds of longitudinal qualitative… Read more


School meals as a safety net: an evaluation of the midday meal scheme in India

Despite the popularity of school meals, there is little evidence on their effect on health outcomes. This study uses newly available longitudinal data from the state of Andhra Pradesh in India to estimate the impact of the introduction of a national midday meal programme on anthropometric z-scores of primary school students, and investigates whether the… Read more


Integrated Community Case Management (ICCM) South Sudan

In South Sudan the DFID Integrated Case Management Programme (ICCM) was initiated in April 2013 to complement the Global Fund home management of malaria for children under 5 years of age. It allows treatment of additional childhood illnesses including pneumonia, diarrhoea and severe acute malnutrition by community based distributors at the household level. This is… Read more


How many child deaths can we prevent this year?

This is the second of five papers in the child survival series. The first focused on continuing high rates of child mortality (over 10 million each year) from preventable causes: diarrhoea, pneumonia, measles, malaria, HIV/AIDS, the underlying cause of undernutrition, and a small group of causes leading to neonatal deaths. We review child survival interventions… Read more


Promoting Child Development at Sick-Child Visits: A Controlled Trial

OBJECTIVE. In developing countries, the health care system often is the only existing infrastructure that can reach young children, and health care encounters may be the only opportunity for professionals to have a positive influence on child development. To address the discrepancy between Western and developing countries related to the information that is available for… Read more


Soil-transmitted helminth infections: ascariasis, trichuriasis, and hookworm

The three main soil-transmitted helminth infections, ascariasis, trichuriasis, and hookworm, are common clinical disorders in man. The gastrointestinal tract of a child living in poverty in a less developed country is likely to be parasitised with at least one, and in many cases all three soil-transmitted helminths, with resultant impairments in physical, intellectual, and cognitive… Read more


Child Health and Parents’ Education

This review shows that there is evidence of an association between child health outcomes and parents’ education.  This relationship is particularly pronounced when considering the impact of maternal education. Section 2 presents some key papers showing this relationship, including one recent paper arguing that of the 8·2 million fewer deaths in children under 5 between… Read more


Education and Fertility in India

The report has sections on the following areas: Education and Fertility Education and Fertility in India and the Region Economic Returns to Women’s Education in India Education and Reproductive Health Initiatives Adolescent Reproductive Health Programmes  In reviews of regional and global studies: Women with primary education tend to have higher fertility than women with secondary–plus… Read more


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