Urban Health

Dr Helen Elsey is from the Nuffield Centre for International Health and Development, University of Leeds. In this HEART Talks she talks through the urban health HEART reading packs that she has put together with Dr Siddharth Agarwal from the Urban Health Resource Centre in India. The three reading packs are: A) Data and evidence,… Read more


The demand for and the provision of early childhood services since 2000: policies and strategies

Since the Millennium Development Goals and Education for All targets were proclaimed in 2000, considerable progress has been made in regard to enhancing the wellbeing of young children including an increase in both the supply of and demand for pre-primary education. In comparison to 1999, by 2012 the global pre-primary GER increased by 64 per cent… Read more


Examining early child development in low-income countries: a toolkit for the assessment of children in the first five years of life

The primary purpose of this toolkit is to provide a resource for researchers from various disciplines interested in planning and evaluating programmes or interventions aimed at improving the health and development of infants and young children. The toolkit aims to provide an overview of issues affecting early development and its measurement; discuss the types of… Read more


Handbook of early childhood development research and its impact on global policy

Globally, young children bear the greatest burden of poverty, disease, neglect, and lack of educational opportunities. This volume’s goal is to promote evidence-based policies for advancing the positive development of young children everywhere, with a specific focus on developing countries. It brings scientific knowledge about early child development (ECD) in both developed and developing countries… Read more


Improving development outcomes for children through effective practice in integrating early years services

This knowledge review tells us what works in integrating early years services. It is based on a rapid review of the research literature involving systematic searching, analysis of key data, validated local practice examples and views from people using services and providers. It summarises the best available evidence that will help service providers to improve… Read more


The Lifelong Effects of Early Childhood Adversity and Toxic Stress

Advances in fields of inquiry as diverse as neuroscience, molecular biology, genomics, developmental psychology, epidemiology, sociology, and economics are catalyzing an important paradigm shift in our understanding of health and disease across the lifespan. This converging, multidisciplinary science of human development has profound implications for our ability to enhance the life prospects of children and… Read more


Advantages and challenges of integration: opportunities for integrating early childhood development and nutrition programming

A growing body of evidence supports the notion that integrated programs addressing nutrition and stimulation provide stronger impacts on nutritional and developmental outcomes than either intervention alone. When translating evidence into practice, several advantages and challenges for integration can be noted. Combined interventions may be more efficient than separate interventions, because they are intended for… Read more


Social Protection Programs and early childhood development: unexplored potential

The rapid growth in social protection programs has been fueled in part by the promise of this approach to reduce poverty, including emerging findings on improved child health and education outcomes. In parallel, early childhood care and development (ECCD) is also gaining wide recognition as a robust and viable approach to building human capital and… Read more


Strengthening systems for integrated early childhood development services: a cross-national analysis
 of governance

While there has been substantial growth in early childhood development (ECD) services in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), there is considerable inequity in their distribution and quality. Evidence-based governance strategies are necessary, but currently they are insufficient for widespread, quality implementation. In particular, there is a limited understanding of the use of systems approaches for… Read more


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