The demand for and the provision of early childhood services since 2000: policies and strategies

Since the Millennium Development Goals and Education for All targets were proclaimed in 2000, considerable progress has been made in regard to enhancing the wellbeing of young children including an increase in both the supply of and demand for pre-primary education. In comparison to 1999, by 2012 the global pre-primary GER increased by 64 per cent… Read more




Integrated early childhood development (ECD) as a framework for research, policy and service development

Brief introduction to the topic Integrated early childhood development (ECD) is a comprehensive starting point for research, policy and service development. As the HEART Early Childhood Development Topic Guide (Woodhead et. al., 2014) points out, ECD spans the period from conception through to eight years and covers a range of sectors including early learning and… Read more




Early childhood development (ECD) and children with disabilities

Introduction to the topic This reading pack briefly highlights some of the research and programme work that are showing positive benefits for young children with disabilities in low-resource settings. The international evidence that high quality early childhood development (ECD) programmes benefit all children’s development, life experiences, and life chances is overwhelming. The evidence comes from… Read more




Early childhood development (ECD) in emergencies

Introduction to the topic The international evidence that high quality early childhood development (ECD) programmes benefit all children’s development, life experiences, and life chances is overwhelming. The evidence comes from studies of all kinds, including well-known large quantitative longitudinal studies (e.g. High/Scope Perry studies in the USA and the work of Heckman at http://heckmanequation.org/) to… Read more




Noteworthy practices: early childhood development in emergencies

Young children are extremely vulnerable in emergency situations. In a field which typically focuses on the three pillars of humanitarian assistance—food, water, and health—individuals working in emergencies often see a need to do more. They want to do more for very young children and their families, and they seek real-life examples of successful programming that… Read more




Integrating ECD activities into nutrition programmes in emergencies: why, what and how

This document targets local and international staff running nutrition programmes in emergencies, and local, regional and national authorities and donors involved in such programmes. The note explains why nutrition programmes need to include early childhood development (ECD) activities to maximise the child’s development. It provides practical suggestions as to what simple steps are necessary to create integrated programmes… Read more




Early childhood development in emergencies: integrated programme guide

In both regular and emergency settings, quality early childhood foundations can help ensure a smooth transition to primary school, a better chance of completing basic education, and a route out of poverty and disadvantage. Through positive influences on learning achievement, skills acquisition, and health outcomes, early childhood development (ECD) interventions provide a pathway to the… Read more




Peace building through early childhood development: a guidance note

In any conflict, young children are particularly vulnerable. A multitude of factors common in these settings have a negative impact on young children, including loss of caregivers; increased risk of malnutrition, physical maiming, and psychosocial threats; and lack of opportunities for early learning and stimulation. This guidance note goes deeper into the theory of change… Read more




Can Western developmental screening tools be modified for use in a rural Malawian setting?

Eighty percent of the world’s disabled population live in low income countries, many of these in Africa. The World Health Organization has made early identification of children with disabilities a high priority, especially as early rehabilitation may reduce the impact of impairments. To identify these children and provide basic services, developmental milestones need to be… Read more




Early childhood development in the West Bank and Gaza

Early childhood development (ECD) in the West Bank and Gaza is compromised by serious deficiencies in the quality of and access to programmes and services – among which are low enrollment, inadequate facilities, inexperienced teachers, reliance on inappropriate rote learning methods and limited parental involvement or understanding among families of the importance of good ECD… Read more




Early childhood development and girls

Introduction The international evidence that high quality early childhood development (ECD) programmes benefit all children’s development, life experiences, and life chances, is overwhelming. The evidence comes from studies of all kinds, including well-known large quantitative longitudinal studies (e.g. High/Scope Perry studies in the USA and the work of Heckman, at http://heckmanequation.org/) to more localised qualitative… Read more




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