Kenya comprehensive refugee programme 2014

Kenya has been providing protection and lifesaving assistance to refugees since the 1960s. During the 1990s refugee influxes were witnessed from Sudan, Somalia and Ethiopia. While returns took place as the situation improved in places of origin for Sudanese to South Sudan and Ethiopians to Ethiopia, a significant number of refugees remained and continue to… Read more

Breakneck Expansion and Quality Assurance in Ethiopian Higher Education: Ideological Rationales and Economic Impediments

The rapid quantitative growth of higher education in Ethiopia has triggered considerable concern for quality. This paper analyses why expanding the higher education subsector took precedence over quality against the backdrop of the current Ethiopian political discourse. The article argues that the growing public demand due to globalization and the changed local realities, the ideology… Read more

Height in mid childhood and psychosocial competencies in late childhood: Evidence from four developing countries

We use longitudinal data from children growing up in four developing countries (Peru, India, Vietnam, Ethiopia) to study the relationship between height at the age of 7–8 and a set of psychosocial competencies measured at the age of 11–12 that are known to be correlated with earnings during adulthood: self-efficacy, self-esteem and aspirations. Results show… Read more

Innovative Community-Based Approaches Doubled Tuberculosis Case Notification and Improve Treatment Outcome in Southern Ethiopia

A community-based TB intervention package was implemented in Sidama zone, Ethiopia. The package included advocacy, training, engaging stakeholders and communities and active case-finding by female Health Extension Workers (HEWs) at village level. HEWs conducted house-to-house visits, identified individuals with a cough for two or more weeks, with or without other symptoms, collected sputum, prepared smears… Read more

Local Block Grants in Education

This report looks at several examples of programmes using local block grants in education.  Section 2 covers Direct Support to Schools (DSS) in Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania and Mozambique and includes information on the objectives and the results.  Section 3 includes information on Educational Block Grants to Orphans and Vulnerable Children (OVC) in Tanzania and Uganda. … Read more

Improving the Quality of Education in Ethiopia

There are different ways of working with governments and partner organisations to improve the quality of education in developing countries, specifically Ethiopia.  This report highlights these differences by using two different donor organisations as examples.  AusAID advocates for working through government systems and their approach, including impact and cost effectiveness, is summarised in section 4. … Read more

Adolescent Reproductive Health in Ethiopia

Ethiopia is unusual within the region in having very low levels of sex before marriage.  According to the 2005 DHS well over 90% of single women are virgins.  Ensuring the health of adolescent girls is vital to the nation. Ethiopia has made progress in improving youth’s health; yet, young women still suffer high rates of… Read more


This report looks at the strategies for trachoma control. Trachoma is endemic in more than 50 countries with more than 80% of the burden concentrated in 14 countries, and predominantly in the savannah areas of East and Central Africa and the Sahel of West Africa. Nearly 110 million people live in areas where trachoma is… Read more

Contraceptive Prevalence Rate Increases

Based on UN MDG data for married women, countries that achieved a 3% or 5% increase in a year or a similar average over more years include The Gambia, Malawi, Rwanda, Uganda and Zambia.  Statistics from other sources include increases shown in Ethiopia, Mozambique and Afghanistan. The report includes a table with current contraceptive use… Read more