Cost-effectiveness of male circumcision in reducing HIV

Evaluation of the evidence on the effectiveness of male circumcision (MC) suggests that implementation should be accelerated in sub-Saharan Africa. Experts reviewing six simulation models agree that programmes that focus on subpopulations with a high HIV prevalence and incidence would have substantial impact on HIV incidence. The review of the six simulation models found estimates… Read more




South Africa’s private sector investment in training and its erosion as a result of HIV and AIDS

The South African economy is dependent on the productivity of its labour. To maximise productivity, the labour force must possess the appropriate skills. The private sector invests more funds than the government on training. However, the HIV and AIDS epidemic is eroding this investment. Based on an estimate of the HIV and AIDS death rate… Read more




Neurodevelopmental trajectory of HIV-infected children accessing care in Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo

Objective—To assess the effect of HIV care (including HAART if eligible) on neurodevelopment. Design—Prospective cohort study Methods—Motor and mental development of 35 HIV-infected children (age 18-71 months) was assessed at entry into care, and after 6 and 12 months using age-appropriate tools. Developmental trajectory was compared to 35 HIV-uninfected, affected and 90 control children using… Read more




Country Coordinating Mechanism Request for Interim Funding, National AIDS Commission Malawi

This funding application describes the epidemiological situation and country context with regards to HIV/AIDS in Malawi. Urban HIV prevalence in adults is estimated at 17% while the rural prevalence is 9%. 46,000 HIV-related deaths are estimated to have occurred in 2012. In 2011, with support from the Global Fund, Malawi started implementation of its innovative… Read more




Neurodevelopmental trajectory of HIV-infected children accessing care in Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo

OBJECTIVE:To assess the effect of HIV care (including highly active antiretroviral therapy if eligible) on neurodevelopment. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. METHODS: Motor and mental development of 35 HIV-infected children (aged 18-71 months) was assessed at entry into care and after 6 and 12 months using age-appropriate tools. Developmental trajectory was compared with 35 HIV-uninfected, affected,… Read more




The effect of a basic home stimulation programme on the development of young children infected with HIV

Aims  The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) potentially causes a significant encephalopathy and resultant developmental delay in infected children. The aim of this study was to determine whether a home-based intervention programme could have an impact on the neurodevelopmental status of children infected with HIV. Method  A longitudinal, randomized, controlled trial was conducted. A total of… Read more




UNAIDS 2013 Global report

This report highlights continued progress towards the global vision of zero new HIV infections, zero discrimination and zero AIDS-related deaths. The annual number of new HIV infections continues to decline, with especially sharp reductions in the number of children newly infected with HIV. More people than ever are now receiving life-saving antiretroviral therapy, contributing to… Read more




Towards Zero Infections – Two Years On. A Review of the UK’s Position Paper on HIV in the developing world.

Two years on from the 2011 HIV Position Paper, DFID is making substantial progress against its expected results. Treatment related commitments have already been achieved, and the remaining targets set out in the HIV position paper are largely on track to be met by 2015. A consultation was held to: understand available evidence and reflect… Read more




Adolescent Reproductive Health in Ethiopia

Ethiopia is unusual within the region in having very low levels of sex before marriage.  According to the 2005 DHS well over 90% of single women are virgins.  Ensuring the health of adolescent girls is vital to the nation. Ethiopia has made progress in improving youth’s health; yet, young women still suffer high rates of… Read more




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