Feasibility study with traditional outlets, non traditional outlets & individuals to establish sanitary napkins supply chain management for adolescent girls and women

Menstrual health is one of the major areas of concern in reproductive health affecting a large number of women, starting from their adolescence. Menstrual hygiene and management has direct consequences on fertility and reproductive tract infections respectively. This study aimed to: investigate the availability of sanitary napkins in the operational villages of Block Chinhat in… Read more

Learning by doing something else: experience with alternatives and adoption of a high-barrier menstrual hygiene technology

The market for menstrual hygiene products in developing countries is expanding rapidly, driven both by private demand and by public efforts to improve girls’ educational outcomes as well as women’s health and dignity. However, many girls and women cannot consistently afford the monthly cost of disposable menstrual products and revert to less hygienic solutions when… Read more

Affirmative action in education: evidence from engineering college admissions in India

Many countries mandate affirmative action in university admissions for traditionally disadvantaged groups. Little is known about either the efficacy or costs of these programmes. This paper examines affirmative action in engineering colleges in India for “lower-caste” groups. The authors argue that such action successfully targets the financially disadvantaged: the marginal upper-caste applicant comes from a… Read more

Postnatal depression and infant growth and development in low income countries: a cohort study from Goa, India

Postnatal depression is a psychological disorder which occurs within six weeks after childbirth. It is a serious mental health problem for women and its consequences have important implications for the welfare of the family and the development of the child. Postnatal depression is a recognised cause of delayed cognitive development in infants in developed countries. This… Read more

Paying private obstetricians to provide emergency obstetric care to poor women: The Chiranjeevi Yojana public private partnership programme in Gujurat, India

Ayesha de Costa is an associate professor of Global Health and Senior Lecturer at the Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm. She begins this lecture by noting the increasing importance of emergency obstetric care (EmOC) which can only work if it is of a high quality. EmOC should be able to provide: injectable antibiotics, injectable anticonvulsants, injectable oxytocics,… Read more

School meals as a safety net: an evaluation of the midday meal scheme in India

Despite the popularity of school meals, there is little evidence on their effect on health outcomes. This study uses newly available longitudinal data from the state of Andhra Pradesh in India to estimate the impact of the introduction of a national midday meal programme on anthropometric z-scores of primary school students, and investigates whether the… Read more

The impact of the midday meal scheme on nutrition and learning

Food insecurity and poor nutrition remain a problem in many developing countries and can have profound effects on children’s health and their development. The Midday Meal Scheme in India is a programme covering primary school children to improve nutrition as well as increase educational enrolment, retention and attendance. This policy brief examines the effect of… Read more

Higher education in India: in search of equality, quality and quantity

India has a large network of around 634 universities and 33,000 colleges with 817,000 teachers spread across the country. Despite its massive geographical reach, higher education in India has had its share of problems. This collection of essays discusses these challenges such as inclusiveness and the impact of reservation on education, the problems of mediocrity, shortage of… Read more

India Health Report: Nutrition 2015

The India Health Report: Nutrition 2015 surveys the trends in maternal and child undernutrition in India. It looks at trends and disparities in these outcomes across geographical regions, socio-economic classes, and demographic groups. Tackling undernutrition and enabling improvements in the determinants of poor nutrition requires actions from multiple actors and sectors, and at multiple levels. In… Read more

Education outcomes and poverty: a reassessment

This book examines the impact of education on the lives and livelihoods of people in developing countries, particularly those living in poorer areas and from poorer households. The chapter titled, ‘skill acquisition and its impact upon lives and livelihoods in Ghana, India and Pakistan’, outlines the different national contexts of skills development in these countries. It assesses… Read more

Making health insurance work for the poor: Learning from the Self-Employed Women’s Association’s (SEWA) community-based health insurance scheme in India

How best to provide effective protection for the poorest against the financial risks of ill health remains an unanswered policy question. Community-based health insurance (CBHI) schemes, by pooling risks and resources, can in principal offer protection against the risk of medical expenses, and make accessible health care services that would otherwise be unaffordable. The purpose… Read more

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