Dual disasters: humanitarian aid after the 2004 tsunami

This publication asks, what happens when a humanitarian crisis with political roots interacts with a humanitarian crisis induced by environmental disaster? Focusing on Sri Lanka and Indonesia, countries that were dealing with complex upheavals long before the 2004 tsunami struck, this publication shows how the storm shifted the goals of international aid, altered relations among and… Read more


Children and the 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami: evaluation of UNICEF’s response in Indonesia, Sri Lanka and Maldives (2005-2008) – overall synthesis report

This report is a summary of an extensive evaluation undertaken by the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) of its response to the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami. It focuses on Indonesia, Sri Lanka and Maldives — countries that had the most serious damage and received 84 per cent of UNICEF tsunami country-level funds. The evaluation mainly… Read more


Privatisation and marketisation of higher education in Indonesia: the challenge for equal access and academic values

Increasing costs of running educational institutions and funding educational programs, coupled with decreasing government subsidies to support such costs, have made privatisation and marketisation of higher education a common phenomenon throughout the world. The article presents the development of this trend in Indonesia utilizing two recent government regulations: Badan Hukum Milik Negara (BHMN/State Owned Legal… Read more


Local Block Grants in Education

This report looks at several examples of programmes using local block grants in education.  Section 2 covers Direct Support to Schools (DSS) in Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania and Mozambique and includes information on the objectives and the results.  Section 3 includes information on Educational Block Grants to Orphans and Vulnerable Children (OVC) in Tanzania and Uganda. … Read more


Local Block Grants in Health

It was difficult to find examples that met the criteria of sub-national flexible block grants in health. Sections 2 and 3 cover the main two that were identified.  These are the Tanzania Essential Health Interventions Project (TEHIP) and Generasi, Indonesia. TEHIP aims to bring health spending more in line with cost-effective approaches to the local… Read more


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