The impact and implementation of national qualifications frameworks: a comparison of 16 countries

This paper notes the very limited evidence that exists for national qualification frameworks (NQFs) having had successful impact, yet also acknowledges the continued faith in them as an answer to failing skills systems. The author notes that there has been relative success but that it has to do with good initial starting conditions. Thus, Scotland,… Read more




South Africa’s private sector investment in training and its erosion as a result of HIV and AIDS

The South African economy is dependent on the productivity of its labour. To maximise productivity, the labour force must possess the appropriate skills. The private sector invests more funds than the government on training. However, the HIV and AIDS epidemic is eroding this investment. Based on an estimate of the HIV and AIDS death rate… Read more




Gender disparities in Africa’s labor market

Evidence indicates that in several countries in Africa, women’s earnings are a fraction of male’s earnings. It is argued in this book that the gap is not simply the result of discrimination in the labour markets, but rather the result of multiple factors, including access to education and credit, cultural values and household duties and… Read more




Skills and jobs: lessons learned and options for collaboration

Knowledge and skills acquisition is central to human capital development and economic development. Workers with more education have better employment opportunities, have the potential to earn higher wages and have more stable and rewarding jobs. Skills can improve how adaptable and mobile workers are. The more skills present in an economy, the more productive other… Read more




Generating employment in poor and fragile states: evidence from labor market and entrepreneurship programs

This paper reviews the evidence on what interventions designed to raise incomes in fragile states work, and whether stimulating employment promotes social stability. Skills training and microfinance have shown little impact on poverty or stability, especially relative to programme cost. In contrast, the evidence suggests that injections of capital (cash, capital goods, or livestock) may… Read more




Gender disparities in Africa’s labour market

Evidence indicates that in several countries in Africa, women’s earnings are a fraction of male’s earnings. This book argues that the gap is not simply the result of discrimination in the labour markets, but rather the result of multiple factors, including access to education and credit, cultural values and household duties and labour market conditions…. Read more




Perspectives on Higher Education and the Labour Market: review of International Policy Developments

This report explores international policy trends regarding the relationship between higher education and the labour market, reviewed mainly from the governmental perspective. It asks what initiatives, policy instruments and approaches can be identified in other countries which are useful for Dutch higher education policy. The report discusses the issue of education supply and demand on the national… Read more




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