Adult refugee learners with limited literacy: needs and effective responses

Adult refugees with limited education are a distinctive learner group with substantial and distinctive educational, social, and psychological needs. Working with these learners is a highly specialised activity, requiring high levels of educational skill and commitment. With a paucity of original research available about this group of learners, this study provides a systematic documentation of… Read more


What Works? Engaging research to shape policy: The case of grammar

This article explores how literacy research is currently being positioned to address the political imperatives of the day, focusing on debates relating to the teaching of grammar. It takes the international debate about the value of grammar teaching as the context for exploring prevailing ambiguities and tensions in literacy research, arguing a particular view of… Read more


Development of Early Grade Reading Primers – some practical tips for programme development

Recently, the HEART team received a request to investigate the practicalities of developing an early grade reading primer programme for a country with low levels of literacy and educational infrastructure. Experts in the field of literacy, children’s book publishing, and programmatic distribution were consulted and their responses synthesised into a guide. Below are a few… Read more


Literacy in Pakistan

Literacy broken down by class were available from the Annual Status of Education Report for 2012: Class 2 Urdu: 22%; English: 20.9% literate Class 5 Urdu: 75.6; English: 77.7% literate Class 8 Urdu: 98.6%; English: 99.2% literate The ASER statistics are markedly higher than statistics from other sources. The most recent statistics available were from… Read more


Learning Outcomes in Afghanistan

Currently only an average of 26% of the population aged 15 or over can read or write. One of the first achievements of post-conflict Afghanistan was to bring almost 4 million children back to school. However, low primary enrolment especially for girls and in rural areas and very weak learning achievements remain. This report includes… Read more


Language of Instruction

This report gives an overview of the best evidence available on whether mother tongue is the most effective language of instruction for children.  It provides evidence of the impact of language of instruction on learning outcomes, international assessments of learning and provides data on the cost effectiveness of mother tongue instruction.  It also reports a… Read more


Women’s Literacy and the Links Between Maternal Health, Reproductive Health and Daughter Education

Development agencies have found two predictable indicators for longevity among women in developing countries: accessible clean water and literacy skills. Of the 1 billion illiterate people in the world, two thirds of them are women. Literate women average 2 children per family while illiterate women give birth to 6–8 children. Educated women are more likely… Read more


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