Education for refugees and IDPs in low- and middle-income countries: identifying challenges and opportunities

This topic guide is designed to support DFID advisors, education specialists, and other partners working on providing education for refugees and Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs). It provides an overview of the key issues, and signposts relevant sources for further information and reading. Section 1 provides a brief introduction to the guide. Section 2 gives a global overview of forced displacement and education. Section 3 maps the state of research, policy, and practice in refugee education. Section 4 maps the state of research, policy, and practice in IDP education. Section 5 seeks to identify and explore best practice, and existing and potential future opportunities and innovations, in the field of education and forced displacement.

Birte Snilstveit on improving learning outcomes and access to education

Birte Snilstveit, 3ie’s Evaluation Specialist, presented findings on 14th April 2016 from 3ie’s systematic review on education effectiveness, Interventions for improving learning outcomes and access to education in low- and middle-income countries: a systematic review. The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) on education aim to ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning. In… Read more

Interventions for improving learning outcomes and access to education in low- and middle-income countries: a systematic review

Substantial progress has been made in improving access to education in low- and middle income countries (LMICs). However, several challenges still need to be addressed. The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) on education aim to ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning. In this context, there is a need for evidence on the effects… Read more

Menstrual hygiene matters: a resource for improving menstrual hygiene around the world

This resource aims to provide a comprehensive guide on menstrual hygiene that supports the development of context-specific information for improving practices for women and girls in lower- and middle-income countries. It brings together examples of good menstrual hygiene practice from around the world, related to policies, strategies, programmes and interventions, so that knowledge can be shared and adapted to… Read more

Use of menstrual cup by adolescent girls and women: potential benefits and key challenges

Managing menstruation requires the use of disposable sanitary towels. Disposable sanitary towels are the most frequently used methods to manage menstruation. In resource-poor settings, they are often too expensive and unaffordable to most adolescent girls and women who need them. Consequently these women and adolescent girls resort to unhygienic methods. Lack of access to sanitary… Read more

Menstrual hygiene in Ugandan schools: an investigation of low-cost sanitary pads

Menstrual hygiene management (MHM) is a largely overlooked issue in the water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) sector. Every day, millions of menstruating girls and women in low-income countries struggle to find clean water for washing, private places for changing and adequate blood absorbing materials. This study aims to explore the difficulties experienced by schoolgirls in… Read more

Slum upgrading strategies involving physical environment and infrastructure interventions and their effects on health and socio-economic outcomes

Slums are densely populated, neglected parts of cities where housing and living conditions are exceptionally poor. In-situ slum upgrading, at its basic level, involves improving the physical environment of the existing area, such as improving and installing basic infrastructure like water, sanitation, solid waste collection, electricity, storm water drainage, access roads and footpaths, and street… Read more

Addressing inequities in urban health: do decision-makers have the data they need? Report from the urban health data special session at International Conference on Urban Health, Dhaka 2015

Rapid and uncontrolled urbanisation is evident across the majority of low and middle-income (LMIC) countries. This growth is particularly evident in South Asia where urban populations are projected to rise from 45 to 62 per cent by 2050. Yet, much needs to be done to respond to this scale of growth. The infrastructure—housing, sanitation, health care, education,… Read more

Screening for common mental disorders in low resource settings: reasons for caution and a way forward

Recognition of high rates of common mental disorders in many resource-constrained contexts has indicated the need for routine screening of patients attending public health facilities. Screening may facilitate entry into community level psychiatric services for those identified as disordered. Yet, screening instruments will need to ensure high specificity so as to minimise expenditures on treating… Read more

Prevalence and determinants of common perinatal mental disorders in women in low- and lower-middle-income countries: a systematic review

The perinatal mental health of women living in low- and lower-middle-income countries has only recently become the subject of research, in part because greater priority has been assigned to preventing pregnancy-related deaths. In addition, some have argued that in resource-constrained countries women are protected from experiencing perinatal mental problems through the influence of social and… Read more

The private sector and youth skills and employment programs in low- and middle-income countries

This paper provides a comprehensive look at the way the private sector is involved in youth skills and employment in low- and middle-income countries, considering the broad range of programme types and firm types. It presents and interpret the available evidence of the effectiveness of this involvement. It also presents an understanding of where the… Read more

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