Higher education marketisation and its discontents: The case of quality in Kenya

This study addresses the implications of higher education marketisation for quality in Kenya. It focuses on full fee-paying programmes, the de facto market source of revenue for Kenya’s public universities. The study argues that Kenya’s public universities were precipitately subjected to diminished public capitation, and so was their plunging into marketisation. These institutions started enrolling… Read more


How effective are different approaches to higher education provision in increasing access, quality and completion for students in developing countries? Does this differ by gender of students?

This review focuses on how to effectively increase access to and quality in higher education in developing countries. 175 research papers on the impact of higher education policies and methods of provision on access, quality and gender issues in developing countries, available in English language, were systematically reviewed. The majority of the studies fell into… Read more


Local Block Grants in Education

This report looks at several examples of programmes using local block grants in education.  Section 2 covers Direct Support to Schools (DSS) in Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania and Mozambique and includes information on the objectives and the results.  Section 3 includes information on Educational Block Grants to Orphans and Vulnerable Children (OVC) in Tanzania and Uganda. … Read more


Education Interventions and their Impact on Nutrition

Nutrition interventions in schools and for school age children are covered in sections 2 and 3.  These sections look at general school health and nutrition programmes, micronutrients, school feeding, de-worming, nutrition interventions for school age children, improved hygiene, cash transfers, zinc supplementation and adolescent nutrition. Information on nutrition interventions for children under 2 years old… Read more


Availability of Essential Medicine

Medicines are integral of any healthcare system, and limited access to medicines undermines health systems’ objectives of equity, efficiency and health development. In African countries, where it is estimated that 50–60% of the populace lack ‘‘access’’ to essential medicines, health problems associated with limited drug benefits are more damaging. The main barriers to essential medicines… Read more


Voice and Accountability in the Education Sector

This report is on evidence of effective voice and accountability interventions in the education sector. Some of the main findings include: School Management Committee (SMCs) and Parent Teacher Associations (PTAs) • Parent teacher associations are seen as a key forum. • School functioning has improved where communities have been actively involved. Reducing teacher absenteeism •… Read more


Child-to-Child Approaches in Education

The literature on child-to-child (CtC) approaches in developing countries is mostly related to health education. It was not always clear which age group were being targeted. It was not possible to find details of a randomised-control trial however, there are some relevant evaluation findings in section 2 of the report, including examples from Zambia, Kampala,… Read more


Nutrition Data and Accountability

This report includes the following sections: Use of community scorecards (CSCs) to improve nutrition services: A World Bank pilot project in Maharashtra, India measured improvements in child malnutrition as a result of CSCs. An IDS paper concludes that it is unknown if social audits improve nutrition status, but can reasonably infer improvements from improvements in… Read more


Impact of Teacher Training on Students’ Learning Outcomes

While there is extensive literature on teacher quality, teacher education and training, most of it focuses on emphasising the extent of the problem, their importance, how they might be developed or delivered. A few others mention programmes that have been conducted in various countries. There is very little literature that focuses specifically on the impacts… Read more


Public Private Partnerships in Education

Primary school enrolments inPakistan have improved significantly in the last few years and private schooling in particular has become very popular. There is a demand for private sector education as parents consider it as ‘better’ and not necessarily due to the lack of public schools. Public-private partnerships (PPPs) in education have stepped in to improve… Read more


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