Links between education and peace

Education is a significant contributor to peace, and appears in two of the 24 indicators in the Positive Peace Index produced by the Institute for Economics and Peace. Education can lead to peace and be a part of ‘building back better’ by supporting the transformation of the security situation, political institutions, economic regeneration and social… Read more


What policies will reduce gender schooling gaps in developing countries: evidence and interpretation

This paper considers evidence for the effects of policies on gender gaps in education, distinguishing between policies that are ostensibly gender neutral and those that explicitly target girls. The demand for girls’ schooling is often more responsive than boys’ to gender neutral changes in school distance, price, and quality, patterns which can be explained in… Read more


Water and sanitation issues for persons with disabilities in low-and middle-income countries: a literature review and discussion of implications for global health and international development

The critical importance of unrestricted access to clean drinking water and basic sanitation for all is highlighted in Millennium Development Goal 7, which calls for the reduction by half of the proportion of people without such access by 2015. Unfortunately, little attention has been paid to the needs of such access for the one billion… Read more


Identifying structural barriers to an effective HIV response: using the national composite policy index data to evaluate the human rights, legal and policy environment

Attention to the negative effects of structural barriers on HIV efforts is increasing. Reviewing national legal and policy environments with attention to the international human rights commitments of states is a means of assessing and providing focus for addressing these barriers to effective HIV responses. Recognition of the harms inherent in laws that constitute structural… Read more


Why health systems must change: addressing the needs of ageing populations in low- and middle-income countries

The world’s population is ageing rapidly, with the over-60 population growing fastest. Since 2000, there have been more people aged 60 or over than children under 5. A rapidly ageing population presents large and unique challenges. This briefing discusses the results of pilot healthcare programmes in four countries, Cambodia, Mozambique, Peru and Tanzania. The findings… Read more


Social, economic, human rights and political challenges to global mental health

The social, economic, human rights and political challenges to global mental health addressed in this paper explore the inextricable relationship between mental health, poverty and debt. They include the need for more health economics research on cost-effective interventions; limited funding available to improve access to mental health services; the need for a move away from a… Read more


A review of progress in empowerment of women in rural water management decision-making processes

This paper explores the links between water infrastructure, water policies, processes and protections, along with mechanisms for women’s leadership and decision-making for contributing to rural well-being. The broad-brush strokes approach is our attempt to reveal the breadth and complexity of the interdisciplinary nature of problems, which can only be solved via interdisciplinary and collaborative approaches…. Read more


Gender and care: overview report

For women and girls in particular, their socially prescribed role as carers can undermine their rights and limit their opportunities, capabilities and choices – posing a fundamental obstacle to gender equality and well-being. This report seeks to move towards a world in which individuals and society ‘recognise and value the importance of different forms of… Read more


For her it’s the big issue: putting women at the centre of water supply, sanitation and hygiene

This report is a collection of evidence and brief examples highlighting the effect and benefits of placing women at the core of planning, implementation and operations of water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) programmes. The experiences also show how women’s empowerment and the improvement of water supply, sanitation facilities and hygiene practice are inextricably linked. One cannot… Read more


So what difference does it make? Mapping the outcomes of citizen engagement

This paper reports on a meta-case study analysis of a 10 year research programme on citizenship, participation and accountability which analysed a nonrandomised sample of 100 research studies of four types of citizen engagement in 20 countries. By mapping the observable effects of citizen participation through a close reading of these studies, a typology of… Read more


Gender biases and discrimination: a review of health care interpersonal interactions

A good interpersonal relationship between a patient and provider, as characterised by mutual respect, openness, and a balance in their respective roles in decision-making, is an important marker of quality of care. This review is undertaken from a gender and health equity perspective and illustrates that gender biases and discrimination occur at many levels in… Read more


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