Enhancing youth employability: what? why? and how? guide to core work skills

Skills have become increasingly important in the globalised world. Vocational and technical skills are essential, but employers are seeking applicants with wider skills. This Guide is designed to guide readers through the key issues in identifying the relevant core skills for employability, understanding their importance and ways these skills can be delivered, attained and recognised. An ILO… Read more


Simon McGrath on skills and Technical Vocation Education and Training (TVET)

In this video, Simon McGrath from University of Nottingham, discusses the importance of skills and Technical Vocation Education and Training (TVET). Simon was the expert adviser for the DFID commissioned Skills Topic Guide, which focused on skills immediately necessary for employment and increased productivity. The guide explores the role of TVET skills, which are concerned… Read more


Reforming technical vocational education and training in the Middle East and North Africa: experiences and challenges

Having successfully expanded school coverage to unprecedented levels, countries in the Middle East and North Africa are turning their attention to improving the quality of learning opportunities for their citizens. This report is the result of a joint analysis of the main challenges for the reform of technical and vocational education and training (TVET) in the… Read more


The private sector and youth skills and employment programs in low- and middle-income countries

This paper provides a comprehensive look at the way the private sector is involved in youth skills and employment in low- and middle-income countries, considering the broad range of programme types and firm types. It presents and interpret the available evidence of the effectiveness of this involvement. It also presents an understanding of where the… Read more


Skills development in Sub-Saharan Africa

In no region other than Africa is the trade-off drawn more sharply between the achievement of skills development with technical and vocational education and training (TVET) and providing universal basic education. Both are important to economic growth and poverty reduction, but the fiscal and administrative capacity of the state to meet both goals is limited…. Read more


Unleashing the potential: transforming TVET

This publication takes stock of the steadily increasing demands and expectations on technical and vocational education and training (TVET) systems around the globe and presents recent policy trends in the field of TVET. The authors provide insights into what it takes to unleash the potential of TVET systems around the world. They propose an integrated… Read more


Technical and vocational education and training (TVET) interventions to improve the employability and employment of young people in low- and middle-income countries: a systematic review

The dramatic increase of low-income, low-skilled youth in labour markets is of concern particularly in developing countries. In some of these countries, young people are nearly three times as likely as adults to be unemployed. Youths are also more likely to work in the informal labour market than adults, in low quality jobs that offer… Read more


Gender analysis of the technical and vocational education and training (TVET) policy in Rwanda

Rwanda has in recent years has made progress in promoting gender equality and women’s empowerment. 56% of the parliamentarians in Rwanda are women – the highest in the world. Rwanda has managed to close the gender gap in gross and net enrolments in primary education. Despite these achievements, challenges remain. For example, it is still… Read more


Greening TVET Colleges Initiative in South Africa: from individual competence development to institutional change

South Africa is making policy efforts to invest in a green economy. It is hoped that the green economy will drive growth, provide jobs and ultimately reduce poverty. It has been identified as a key sector for employment creation with the potential for creating at least 300,000 additional direct jobs by 2020. Job creation is… Read more


Skills for productivity: vocational education and training in developing countries

This study discusses the need for developing countries to improve economic productivity. It draws on lessons from successful country experiences with skills training to develop an approach to the development of public training policies. The authors suggest that improving the job skills of the work force in developing countries is necessary if they are to… Read more


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