Barriers to women’s economic inclusion in Tanzania

Helpdesk Query:

What have been the main barriers to economic inclusion, or drivers of exclusion, of women from some of the benefits of economic growth in Tanzania? Include where available data and literature on segregation in economic activity, disparities in responsibility for house and care work, gaps in asset ownership and other forms of legal, regulatory and social discrimination.


The main barriers to women’s economic inclusion in Tanzania are: time poverty (because women have to spend so much time on household chores); lack of education; reproductive health pressures; lack of assets and access to financial services; in the case of agriculture – lack of access to male labour and inputs such as fertiliser; in the case of entrepreneurship – a difficult legal and regulatory framework and lack of access to business development services; and cultural norms which see women’s role as carrying out household chores and caring for children. This report follows on from one mapping women’s economic exclusion in Tanzania and focuses on the barriers women face in labour force participation. The review draws on a mixture of academic and grey literature.

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