Gender Equality and Social Inclusion Analysis of the Social Protection System in Nepal

Over the last three decades, Nepal has experienced a demographic shift with declining total fertility rates, population growth, and improvements in life expectancy. Despite these positive shifts, the Nepalese people remain vulnerable to natural disasters, health problems, and economic shocks—45 percent of households in Nepal earn less than $2 a day. A robust social protection system has the potential to reduce the impact of disasters on Nepal’s most vulnerable and mitigate negative coping mechanisms.

How can Nepal best transform its largely cash transfer-based Social Security System to be more inclusive, effective, equitable, and affordable?

DAI recently analysed the equitability and inclusivity of the existing social protection system in Nepal, for the U.K. Department for International Development (DFID) in Nepal.

The report’s authors highlight key findings on social protection in Nepal and provide policy recommendations to ensure that the implementation of a new programme to transform the social protection system in Nepal can effectively tackle issues of social and economic exclusion, serving the most marginalised in society and adhering to DFID’s objectives of leaving no one behind.

This analysis applied a gender equality and social inclusion lens to Nepal’s Social Security Allowance Schemes, comprising of old age allowance, single women’s allowance, disability allowance, endangered ethnicity allowance, and the child grant.

To read more about the key findings, download the report below.

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