The General Assembly, by its resolution 44/25, adopted the Convention on the Rights of the Child. As at 1 July 2009, the Convention had been ratified or acceded to by 193 States. By its resolution 54/263, the Assembly adopted two Optional Protocols to the Convention. As at 1 July 2010, the Optional Protocol on the involvement of children in armed conflict had been ratified by 132 States and the Optional Protocol on the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography had been ratified by 137 States. Pursuant to resolution 64/146, the implementation of child rights in early childhood is the focus of section IV of the present report, which highlights roles and responsibilities at different levels for the fulfilment in early childhood of the rights to survival, development, protection and participation.