This report examines the progress and potential of the Internet in 14 economies that together make up 90 percent of Africa’s GDP. In addition to measuring the size of their current Internet economies, it evaluates the strength of five fundamental pillars of Internet readiness: national ICT strategy, infrastructure, business environment, access to financial capital, and the development of ICTrelated human capital. By combining these factors, it is possible to map each country’s progress on its digital journey. (Kenya and Senegal, for instance, are not Africa’s largest economies, but they have nevertheless emerged as the continent’s leaders in terms of the relative economic contribution of the Internet.) This benchmarking provides a framework for understanding the paths that can be taken by the public and private sectors to build a robust Internet economy and capture the Internet’s full potential.