This publication begins with the need to dismantle prevalent misconceptions because they hinder the advancement of education as a human right. Those conceptual obstacles which are particularly widespread are tackled, and their dark sides highlighted. This publication strives to provide food-for-thought because there are reasons for denying that education is a human right and these have to be brought into the open and countered effectively. Although published in 2001, this publication raises important theoretical arguments regarding access to education. In particular, the assessment of gender dimensions for access to education are relevant to this topic guide.