The objective of this ebook is to critically engage with South Africa’s current skills development strategy and to analyse the prospects for a successful upskilling of the population. It contains chapters written by leading South African academics. It also includes content from skillsformation systems experts. This ebook attempts to examine what is understood by the term skill in the South African context. It does so in relation to how skill and skills are being employed in contemporary policies and practices within South Africa. It affirms the need to see such debates in both historical and international contexts. The authors share the policy concern with how to facilitate development and the role of skill and skills development in that focus. How skill supports the national project is a focus. Recommendations are made for how best to deal with the issue of skill in South Africa.