There is a global rise in the number of countries undertaking national learning assessments, as well as international and regional learning assessments. Much of this growth, especially in national learning assessments, has occurred in economically developing countries. However, little is known, on how these assessments affect education policy and practice in developing countries.
This review examines the impact of national and international assessment programmes on education policy, particularly policies regarding resource allocation and teaching and learning practices in developing countries. This particular focus on policies regarding resources and teaching and learning practices stemmed from an observation that, particularly in economically developing countries, analyses of data from such assessments are used to make policy recommendations in those areas. This review synthesised evidence by employing a framework synthesis approach to accommodate the anticipated diverse types and quality of literature.