Through environmental protection, the green economy offers opportunities for more economic growth, increased prosperity and social justice. Environmental protection, economic growth and poverty reduction can go hand in hand. TVET is central to sustainable development of the green economy, as it prepares people to consider environmental and sustainability aspects for appropriate application in their professional practice. Reliable data collection of green skills programmes is a challenge. However, the evidence that does exist suggests TVET has not yet been integrated into national sustainability strategies and programmes. Environmental and vocational training policies are often not harmonised. Competences in the fields of mathematics, information technology, natural sciences and technology are preconditions for green economic growth. Efforts to make the transition to green economies are hampered by the skilled labour shortage. Although this paper focuses on the situation in Germany, it offers important lessons that can be applied to the rest of the world.