The education reform strategy of the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA) is designed to establish a strong enabling environment, whereby schools and teachers receive appropriate, timely professional and administrative support. Decisions are evidence based, and are in place and embodied in a comprehensive set of education policies and frameworks. This enabling environment will facilitate educationally, technically and economically meaningful progress towards the achievement of quality education for Palestine refugees. The strategy’s objectives are in line with the overall UNRWA Sustaining Change agenda, Medium Term Strategy and national, regional and global Education For All aspirations. Education reform is an imperative not an option. The current system of education needs to be of higher quality, greater effectiveness, increased efficiency and enhanced equity. It is not serving its ultimate beneficiaries, the Palestine refugees, as it should, by preparing them to develop their full potential to contribute to individual, societal, regional and global development.