The world is undergoing a process of rapid urbanisation. In 1950, less than 30 per cent of the world’s population lived in cities and towns. That figure has now increased to over 50 per cent and is expected to reach 60 per cent by 2030. A growing number and proportion of the world’s refugees are also to… Read more
This paper considers how international actors should frame protracted displacements and the search for ‘solutions’ to such crises. It draws on the findings of three case studies (Central America during the 1980s and 1990s and contemporary displacements in Somalia and Iraq) as well as wider research on protracted refugee situations and the politics of refugee ‘solutions’…. Read more
This short policy paper provides an overview of the multiple roles an HE system can play in a knowledge society and economy. It highlights the key role of creating and sustaining high-skill ecosystems (HSEs). It then examines the dramatic expansion of HE in the UK, and the issues that, in preparing its workforce for the… Read more
This paper discusses recommendations for the provision of teachers who are sufficiently trained and motivated to include children with disabilities (and children from other marginalised groups) in regular schools. In order to develop the skills, experience and confidence to be inclusive of all children, teachers need to learn about and practise inclusive education during pre‑service… Read more
This paper, jointly released by the Education for All Global Monitoring Report and the UNESCO Institute for Statistics, shows that progress in reducing the number of children out of school has come to a virtual standstill just as international aid to basic education falls for the first time since 2002. It outlines how aid to… Read more
This Population Bulletin chronicles changes in world population in the last century, with a particular focus on the last 50 years. It examines the social and economic factors that affect population change, including wide disparities in income, education, and women’s status within countries. It also discusses the heightened international concern since the 1950s about rapid… Read more
This policy paper outlines the UK’s position on HIV in the developing world.